The European Union emerged from the devastation of the Second World War.
- Countries were determined that such a terrible conflict would never happen again. They thought that an economic union would prevent countries fighting. There hasn't been a war within the EU since 1945 and former enemies, such as France and Germany, are now close allies
- The European Union is the framework for economic and political co-operation between 27 European countries.
- Started in 1957 as the European Economic Community and UK joined in 1973.
- The European Community was renamed as the European Union by the Maastricht Treaty (1993).
- Each country has to pay money to be a member, mostly through taxes.
- Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are elected from each EU country.
- Sixteen countries out of the twenty-seven members of the EU use the Euro. The countries that still use their own money are the United Kingdom, Sweden and Denmark.