After the terrible things that happened during the Second World War, the United
Nations decided to make a list of rights that everybody on the planet should
have, no matter where they are from, what colour or religion they are.
Everyone is equal.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is generally agreed to be a standard for all people in the world to live by. It is also the basis for other human rights legislation, such as the European Convention on Human Rights and the UN Convention on the rights of the child.
In the UK the Human Rights Act came into effect in 2000.
At various ages the law gives you the right to do certain things.