1918-2008: Ninety Years of Remembrance

World War One Timeline

Events of 1914

  1. June 28

    Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the throne of the
    Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie,
    Duchess of Hohenberg, are assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia.


  2. June 29

    Secretary of the Austro-Hungarian Legation at Belgrade sends despatch to Vienna accusing Serbian complicity in the assassination.


  3. July 20

    Austria-Hungary sends troops to the Serbian frontier.


  4. July 25

    Serbia orders mobilisation of troops.
    Russia arranges for troops to be stationed on Russo-Austrian frontier.


  5. July 28

    Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.


  6. July 29

    Great Britain warns Germany that it cannot remain neutral.
    Austrians bombard Serbian capital Belgrade.
    German patrols cross the French border.


  7. August 1

    French military mobilisation ordered.
    Germany declares war on Russia.
    Italy announces neutrality.
    Belgium announces neutrality.


  8. August 3

    Germany declares war on France.
    Great Britain gives order for troops to mobilise.


  9. August 4

    Germany declares war on Belgium.
    United States declares neutrality.
    Great Britain gives Austria-Hungary ultimatum to stand down from hostilities. When Austria-Hungary doesn't comply a state of war is declared at 11.00pm


  10. August 6

    Royal Navy cruiser HMS Amphion is sunk by German mines in the North Sea, causing the death of 150 men and the first British casualties of war.


  11. August 7

    First members of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) land
    in France.


  12. August 11

    'Your King and Country Need You' slogan is published, calling for the first 100,000 men to enlist for Kitchener's New Army. The call is answered within two weeks.


  13. August 13

    The first squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps arrive in France.


  14. August 20

    Brussels is evacuated as Germans occupy the city.


  15. August 25

    The Royal Flying Corps claim their first 'kill' as three aircraft from 2nd Squadron force down a German reconnaissance plane.


  16. August 26

    The Battle of Le Cateau. BEF suffers 7,812 casualties and is forced
    to retreat.


  17. September 6

    The First Battle of Marne checks German advance at the cost of 13,000 British, 250,000 French and 250,000 German casualties.


  18. October 16

    The British Indian Expeditionary Force sails from Bombay to the Persian Gulf in preparation for the defense of Mesopotamia.


  19. October 19

    First Battle of Ypres.


  20. October 29

    Turkey enters the war.


  21. November 22

    Trenches are established along the entire Western Front.


  22. November 23

    The British enter Basra, securing oil supplies in the Middle East needed to supply most of the Royal Navy.


  23. December 8

    The Battle of the Falkland Islands. A Royal navy task force sinks three German cruisers that were victorious at the Battle of Coronel in November. Only the SMS Dresden escapes.


  24. December 16

    The German First High Sea fleet bombards Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough, killing 137 civilians and proving that the British mainland is susceptible to attack.


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