Abstract

The problems involved in broadcasting music in television are discussed by different members of the BBC Staff from the programme engineering and operational standpoints. Part I is an introduction which outlines the special problems of both the aural and visual components of a musical programme including the conflicting requirements of sound and vision perspective and the difficulty of making a singer's words understandable without impairing the balance between voice and orchestra. Part II pays particular attention to the artistic aspects, and quotes examples of situations which necessitate co-operation between producer and sound supervisor at the planning stage. Part III discuss operational technique in more detail, and explains how the subjective effects of sound and vision - especially in relation to musical balance - make it essential to regard the two components as being of equal importance. Different forms of artificial reverberation are described, and the special techniques involved in different types of musical programme are discussed. Part IV deals with studio acoustics for television programmes and describes the work done in determining a range of reverberation times which can give, in studios of different sizes, the best compromise between the acoustical requirements of musical programmes and programmes of other types.