BBC HomeExplore the BBC
This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Find out more about page archiving.


Accessibility help
Text only
BBC Homepage
BBC Radio
TodayBBC Radio 4

Today
Listen Again
Latest Reports
Interview of the Week
About Today
Today at 50
Message Board
Contact Today

Contact Us

Like this page?
Send it to a friend!

 
Weekdays 6-9am and Saturdays 7-9am How to listen to Today
Latest Reports

Postcard Censorship

PRINT VERSION


Rebecca JonesArts Correspondent, Rebecca Jones.
In July 1954 a trial in Lincoln had a major impact on the popular and lucrative market of the 'saucy seaside' postcard. The main artist to fall foul of the crackdown was Donald McGill.

LISTEN
Rebecca Jones finds out why the saucy seaside postcards by Donald McGill were banned 50 years ago.
hard rock

The infamous 'hard rock' postcard.
USEFUL LINKS

The Cartoon Art Trust

George Orwell's essay on McGill


The BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites

Please click here to see full size postcards

Please click through galleries 8-11 to see the full size postcards.
red faced humour

Red-faced humour.
Notification of Prosecution letter

Notification of Prosecution letter.
Click to read full doc.

Police cartoon receipt letter

Police cartoon receipt letter.
Click to read full doc.

Court summons letter

Donald McGill court summons letter.
Click to read full doc.

Cleethorpes Chamber of Trade letter

Cleethorpes Chamber of Trade letter.
Click to read full doc.

Lincolnshire police receipt of postcards

Lincolnshire Police receipt of postcards.
Click to read full doc.

Donald McGill statement before the trial.

Donald McGill's trial statement.
Click to read full doc.

Press cuttings from the time.

Press cuttings from the time.
Click to read full doc.

Hailed by the magazine 'Punch' as 'the most popular, hence most eminent English painter of the century'. Donald McGill's postcards came under the scrutiny of the Conservative government who returned to power in 1951.

They decided to crack down on the declining morals which they believedhad set in during the Second World War. Committees were soon set up to judge taste and decency of artwork and literature. It was during this period that 167,000 books were censored.

Soon attention was focused onto the British 'saucy seaside' postcards. Every resort from Blackpool to Bournemouth, and Margate to Cleethorpes had its own 'Watch Committee' which ruled which cards were allowed to be sold to the public. Local busy bodies were regularly reporting 'obscene' cards to these local censorship committees.

The main target was the artist Donald McGill, known as the 'The King of the Saucy Postcard'. Between 1904-1962 McGill produced an estimated 12,000 designs of which an estimated 200 million were printed and sold.

Police raids resulted in the arrest and prosecution of both publishers and artists. To co-incide with this anniversary, the cartoon art trust are holding an exhibition to celebrate the trials and tribulations of Donald McGill's work. Our arts correspondent, Rececca Jones went along to the exhibition to meet the curator, Anita O'Brien, and Patrick Tumber, Donald McGill's grandson.

THE TRIAL

There were several local trials - culminating in a major trial held in Lincoln on 15 July 1954. The charge was breaking the 1857 Obscene Publications Act.

McGill's lawyers mounted a defence that posed the question: 'are the cards capable of corrupting the minds and morals into the hands they come'? McGill himself wrote a letter to his lawyers which put forward his argument... "

I have carefully considered the cards complained of… and I set forth my observations in respect of each card with explanations to show my mental approach.. I would desire to point out that in quite a number of cards in question I had no intention of 'double meaning' and, in fact, a 'double meaning' was in some cases later pointed out to me..."

McGill was eventually found guilty and the punishment was a £50 fine he had to pay £25 costs. Apart from the financial burden to McGill, the result had a devastating consequence on the saucy postcard industry. Many postcards were subsequently destroyed and retailers cancelled their orders. Postcard companies survived on very small margins and several of the smaller companies were made bankrupt.

RETURN OF THE SAUCY POSTCARD

In the late 1950's the level of censorship eased off In 1957 McGill gave evidence before the House Select Committee in order to amend the 1857 Act. He felt a national system of censorship would be open to the vagaries of individual interpretation.

Documents are on permanent loan from the Crown Prosecution Service to the Centre of the Study of Cartoons and Caricatures, University of Kent, Canterbury - courtesy of the collection of The Centre for the Study of Cartoons and Caricature at the University of Kent at Canterbury.

All images are copyright of the Cartoon Art Trust.


Back to Reports Homepage

Latest Reports

Back to Latest Reports Homepage

Audio Archive
Missed a programme? Or would you like to listen again?
Try last 7 days below or visit the Audio Archive page:

Saturday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday

Today | Listen Again | Latest Reports | Interview of the Week | About Today | Today at 50 | Have Your Say | Contact Today



About the BBC | Help | Terms of Use | Privacy & Cookies Policy