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Science
CHIMPANA TO CHIMPANZEE
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Andrew Luck-Baker examines the relationship with our closest cousin the chimpanzee.
Tuesdays 2 & 9 May 2006 11.00-11.30am (repeats)

Chimpanzees and Humans are so similar that they vary by only 1% in their genetic makeup. But as scientists are discovering, getting to grips with that 1% difference could lead to a true understanding of the very nature of human beings, and what makes us so unique.


Twins with a chimpanzee

Programme 1: The difference in the closeness

The human and chimpanzee genomes are almost identical - a difference of less than 1%.

Because chimpanzees are the closest human relative, they provide unique information about humans that's not possible to obtain from genomes of other creatures.


Listen again Listen again to Programme 1
Chimpanzee

Programme 2: Language, communication and intellect:

Chimpanzees employ a rich variety of gestures and facial expressions to communicate with each other.

More importantly, there is intelligence behind the exchanges that makes for a level of understanding unseen elsewhere in the animal world. This sort of communication ability is what makes chimps appear far more socially advanced than any other animal.

In this programme, Andrew Luck-Baker looks at Chimpanzee behaviour, from cultural traditions, to tool use, and how they communicate with each other.

He talks to the researchers who are convinced that Chimpanzees have minds much closer to our own then anyone had previously imagined.
 

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