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The Routes of English - BBC Radio 4
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1940-1970 - The World of English
The Second World War led to an acute shortage of unskilled labour in Britain, and so the Government encouraged immigration from the Commonwealth countries, especially the Caribbean and Asia.

All these new Britons bought with them distinctive ways of speaking English and, since many settled together as racial groups in the same parts of the country, they have preserved their individual patois. New words have come into English, such as yardies, yams and ackees from the Caribbean, and bhangra, balti, and onion bhaji from Asia, further enriching the language.

During the 20th century, English has spread from Hong Kong and the USA into the Philippines and Hawaii as the USA established military bases in these areas.

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