Explore the BBC
3 Oct 2014
Click for a Text Only version of this page
BBC Homepage
BBC Radio

Radio 4
Radio 4 History
BBC History

This Sceptred Isle


55 BC - 1087

1087 - 1327

1327 - 1547

1547 - 1660

1660 - 1702

1702 - 1760

1760 - 1792

1792 - 1837

1837 - 1861

1861 - 1901

1901 - 1919

1920 - 1939

1940 - 1959

1960 - 1979

1980 - 1999


Contact Us


Like this page?
Send it to a friend!

This Sceptred Isle

The Beginning of Private Enterprise Industry
At the time of the Restoration 80 per cent of the population worked in agriculture. The land had been ravaged by the Civil War.

The biggest industry was cloth though it was still a cottage industry. Coal was not a cottage industry it was the beginning of private enterprise industry. Industry that produced collective, structured employment.

By the end of the 17th century the population of England and Wales stood at 5.25million.

In May 1660 Charles II entered London in triumph. The people lined the streets to welcome the new monarch.

Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
SAMUEL PEPYS (1633-1703)

  • Secretary to the Admiralty from 1672 to 1679
  • Dismissed because of his connection with the Duke of York (later to be James II)
  • Reappointed in 1684, served until the Glorious Revolution
  • President of the Royal Society
  • Known for his diary, which he left to Magdalene College, Cambridge
  • It was first published in 1825

did you know?

Samuel Pepys started his diary in January 1660.

My poor wife rose by five o'clock in the morning, before day, and went to market and bought fowle and many other things for dinner - with which I was highly pleased.

Things being put in order and the cooke come, I went to the office, where we sat til noon; and then broke up and I home - wither by comes Dr Clerke and his lady, his sister and a she-cosen, and Mr Pierce and his wife, which was all my guests.

I had for them, after oysters at first course, a hash of rabbits and lamb, and a rare chine of beef; next a great dish of roasted fowl, cost me about thirty shillings, and a tart; and then fruit and cheese.

My dinner was noble enough. At night to supper; had a good sack posset and cold meat and sent my guests away about ten o'clock at night both of them and myself highly pleased with our management of this day.

I believe this day's feast will cost me near five pounds.

Select historical period

/home/system/data/timb/kwikquiz.dat does not exist

/home/system/data/timb/kwikquiz.html does not exist

1645New Model Army is established
Laud is executed
Use of the prayer book is forbidden
1646Charles I surrenders to the Scots
Receives propositions of Newcastle
1647Scots hand Charles I over to the English
1649Charles I is tried and executed
The monarchy and the House of Lords are abolished
The Commonwealth is declared.
1658Oliver Cromwell dies
1660Charles II signs the Declaration of Breda
Charles II is restored to the throne
1662Charles II marries Catherine of Braganza
1665The Great Plague
1666The Fire of London
1672Charles II issues the Declaration of Indulgence
1677Princess Mary marries William of Orange
1685Charles II dies
James II becomes King of England

About the BBC | Help | Terms of Use | Privacy & Cookies Policy