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Radio 4 History
This Sceptred Isle
55 BC - 1087
1087 - 1327
1327 - 1547
1547 - 1660
1660 - 1702
1702 - 1760
1760 - 1792
1792 - 1837
1837 - 1861
1861 - 1901
1901 - 1919
1920 - 1939
1940 - 1959
1960 - 1979
1980 - 1999
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Charles I, raising the Royal Standard
Thomas Wentworth, the Earl of Strafford, spoke for the King outlining the correspondence carried on by Pym and others with the invading Scots. Pym was furious and Parliament impeached Strafford, he was tried for treason. Parliament passed the Act of Attainder, Charles was forced to sign it and Strafford was executed in 1641. This led to rebellion in Ireland.
William Laud was impeached in 1644, found not guilty by the Lords which meant another Bill of Attainder had to be granted by the Commons before his execution in 1645.
The Monarch's constitutional rights were challenged by the Commons culminating in the Grand Remonstrance which Charles could not accept. Civil War was inevitable.
JOHN PYM (c. 1584-1643)
Charles I was called upon by the Commons, under the leadership of John Pym: to ban the bishops from the House of Lords; to guarantee no more than three years between Parliaments; to surrender his right to dissolve Parliament without its consent.
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|1625||James I dies|
Charles I becomes king of England
Charles I marries Henrietta Maria of France
|1626||Parliament meets, impeaches Buckingham, is dissolved by Charles I|
|1627||Expedition to La Rochelle|
|1629||Charles I dissolves Parliament|
Eleven Year Tyranny begins
Peace is made with France
|1630||Peace is made with Spain|
|1633||Laud becomes Archbishop of Canterbury|
|1639||First Bishops' War ends - Treaty of Berwick|
|1640||Parliament recalled - The Short Parliament|
Second Bishops' War ends - Treaty of Ripon
Long Parliament meets (-1653)
Strafford is impeached
|1645||New Model Army is established|
Laud is executed
Use of the prayer book is forbidden
|1646||Charles I surrenders to the Scots|
Receives propositions of Newcastle
|1647||Scots hand Charles I over to the English|
|1649||Charles I is tried and executed|
The monarchy and the House of Lords are abolished
The Commonwealth is declared.
|THREE OF THOSE ACCUSED BY THE GRAND REMONSTRANCE|
|||The Jesuited Papists, who hate the laws as the obstacles of that change and subversion of religion which they so much long for.|
|||The Bishops, and the corrupt part of the clergy who cherish formality and superstition as the natural effects and more probably supports of their own ecclesiastical tyranny and usurption.|
|||Such Councilors and Courtiers as for private ends have engaged themselves to further the interests of some foreign princes or states to the prejudice of his Majesty and the State at home.|