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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

The Auld Alliance and the Death of Henry VIII
In 1542 the English invaded Scotland only to have to turn back. The Scots proceeded into England to be defeated at Solway Moss - the news killed James V leaving as his heir Mary Queen of Scots who was one week old. At once both the English and the French tried to negotiate marriage agreements with the Scots this led to yet another English/French conflict. This led to the Scots and the French re-establishing the Auld Alliance which had united them against England, on and off, since 1295.

Henry VIII died in 1547, he had been ill for a long time. England needed a strong heir but Edward VI did not fulfil this hope. He came to the throne at the age of 10. Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, became his Protector.

Thomas Cranmer
Thomas Cranmer
THOMAS CRANMER (1489-1556)

  • Archbishop of Canterbury 1533-1556
  • The member of a minor gentry family of Nottinghamshire
  • Entered the service of the King in 1529 during negotiations for the King's first divorce
  • Married the niece of the German Lutheran theologian Osiander in 1532 while marriage was still illegal in England
  • In 1536 he granted Henry a further annulment from Anne Boleyn and worked closely with Thomas Cromwell to advance the English Reformation
  • He survived Henry to become the chief architect of religious changes in Edward VI's reign, i.e. the Prayer Books of 1549 and 1552, the ordinal of 1550 and the Thirty-Nine Articles
  • Part of the attempt to put Lady Jane Grey on the throne
  • Convicted of treason in 1553
  • Burned at the stake at Oxford in 1556

did you know?
Hans Holbein painted at the Court of Henry VIII and many of the images we have of this King were Holbein's work.

The decline of the Welsh language started in 1543.

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Chronology
1534Act of Supremacy
1536Catherine of Aragon dies
Anne Boleyn is executed
Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour
1537Prince Edward is born
Jane Seymour dies
1538James V of Scots marries Mary of Guise
Henry VIII is excommunicated
1540Henry VIII marries and divorces Anne of Cleves
Thomas Cromwell is executed
Henry VIII marries Catherine Howard
1542Catherine Howard executed
English defeat Scots at Solway Moss
1542Mary Queen of Scots becomes queen
1543Henry VIII marries Catherine Parr
1547Henry VIII dies
Edward VI becomes King

SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF HENRY VIII
Mary (I) daughter of Catherine of Aragon
Elizabeth (I) daughter of Anne Boleyn
Edward (VI) son of Jane Seymour


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