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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

The First Tudor King
The England Henry inherited was tired. It was recovering from endless wars and from the deadly plague. Henry was well aware of the vulnerability of his throne. He had had the foresight to declare himself King before the Battle of Bosworth therefore all who fought against him were branded traitors. When Parliament confirmed his right to the throne he married Elizabeth of York, Edward IV's daughter thereby satisfying the Yorkists. The Duchess of Burgundy, Richard III's sister sent two pretenders to overcome Henry. The first Lambert Simnel ended up as a scullion in the royal kitchen, the second Perkin Warbeck threatened Henry's peace for seven years but was finally executed.

Scotland and France raised their heads again. Henry married his daughter Margaret to James IV of Scotland in 1502.

He allied himself with the King of Spain through the marriage of his eldest son to the Infanta, Catherine. France was held at bay and the French King had to buy Henry off thereby making the King wealthy.

Henry VII
Henry VII
HENRY VII (1457-1509)

  • King of England 1485-1509
  • Lord of Ireland
  • Son of Edmund Tudor Earl of Richmond
  • Brought up in Wales until he fled to France in 1471
  • His royal claim came through his mother Margaret Beaufort
  • Defeated Richard III at the battle of Bosworth
  • Married Elizabeth of York Edward IV's daughter
  • Overcame two pretenders
  • Secured his rule in Ireland in 1494
  • At the treaty of Etaple in 1492 he negotiated a profitable peace with France
  • Encouraged trade with the Low Countries
  • His strong reign put an end to 15th-century instability

did you know?
Henry VII had been described as the best businessman ever to sit on the English throne.

Henry VII's eldest son, Arthur, was married to Catherine of Aragon in 1501 and died a year later. It was then that Henry VIII decided he would married her.

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Chronology
1483Edward IV dies
Edward V, King of England
Richard of Gloucester imprisons Edward V and his brother in the Tower where they disappear
1483Richard III declared King of England
1485Henry Tudor defeats and kills Richard III at Bosworth
Crowned Henry VII, King of England
1486Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York
1487Lambert Simnel's rebellion crushed
1488James IV, King of Scots
1491Perkin Warbeck claims the throne
1497Warbeck captured by Henry VII
1501Prince Arthur and Catherine of Aragon marry in London
1502Prince Arthur dies
1503Betrothal of Prince Henry to Catherine of Aragon
James IV of Scots marries Margaret Tudor, Henry's daughter
1509Henry VII dies
Henry VIII becomes King
Henry VIII marries Catherine of Aragon

TUDOR KINGS AND QUEENS
Henry VII (1485-1509)
Henry VIII (1509-1547)
Edward VI (1547-1553)
Jane (Lady Jane Grey) (1553)
Mary I (1553-1558)
Elizabeth I (1558-1603)


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