Who Governs Britain?
In 1974 industrial unrest led to two general elections. Labour won them both and Ted Heath returned to the backbenches and eventually had to give way to Margaret Thatcher as leader of the Conservative Party. Wilson returned to government and gave the miners a 35% pay rise. Denis Healey became Chancellor of the Exchequer - he faced a debt of over £4 billion. Inflation was in double figures and wages were linked to prices. Wage increases brought the country to its knees and the government to the polls for the second time in a year. Labour won by 3 votes.
The violence in Ireland continued throughout 1974. The bombing campaign in England worsened.
ALEXANDER SOLZHENITSYN (b 1918)
- A Soviet novelist who criticised the system
- Imprisoned between 1945 and 1957 for his anti-Stalinists views
- Writing to publicise what was happening in the Soviet Union led to his expulsion
- Became a US citizen
- Won a Nobel Prize in 1970
- Became a Christian but continued to criticise this time the West for its materialism
- Books include, Cancer Ward and A Day In The Life Of Ivan Denisovitch
In 1974 Richard Nixon resigned the presidency of the USA.
Barbara Castle's Comments On No. 10 After Edward Heath Moved Out In 1974
Tuesday, 5th of March 1974.
"Our first Cabinet at 5pm. The first shock was the sight of Number Ten. Heath must have spent a bomb on having it done up. Gone was the familiar, functional shabbiness. Instead someone with appalling taste had had it tarted up. New old gold carpeting everywhere; white and silver patterned wallpaper; gold moiré curtains of distressing vulgarity; "nice" sideboards with bowls of flowers on top. It looked like a boudoir. An attendant came up to me to say solemnly that, if I didn't like the new chairs in the Cabinet room, they had kept my leg covers from the old chair and could bring them back!
"No need: the old brass-studded chairs had given way to expensive new leather-covered ones. An interesting insight into Ted Heath's personality."
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|1969 ||Prince Charles becomes the Prince of Wales|
|1969 ||Extra troops sent to Ulster - start of present "Troubles" |
Knox-Johnston, first non-stop single handed circumnavigation
|1970 ||General Election. Edward Heath becomes Tory PM|
|1971 ||Decimal Currency introduced|
|1972 ||The Northern Irish Parliament is replaced by Westminster|
|1973 ||Britain joins the EEC|
VAT is introduced
Yom Kippur War
|1974 ||Labour win General Election. Harold Wilson once more PM|
|1975 ||British EEC Referendum|
|1976 ||Harold Wilson resigns as leader of Labour Party. James Callaghan succeeds him as leader and PM|
Race Relations Act
|1977 ||Nationalisation of aircraft industry |
Jimmy Carter becomes President of the USA
|1978 ||New pope is John Paul II|
|1979 ||Tories win General Election. Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain's first woman PM|
|1980 ||Zimbabwe (South Rhodesia) independence|
|1981 ||Nott Defence review|
|1982 ||Falklands War |