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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

The Republic of Ireland, the Farthing, and N.A.T.O.
In 1949 Ireland became a Republic.

In Britain clothes rationing was abolished as was the sweet ration, and coloured and neon lights were once more permitted.

Unfortunately it was not all good news because once more, the dockers went on strike and, the Government was forced to devalue the £.

NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed. Its first Secretary General, Lord Ismay, famously remarked that NATO's European purpose was to keep the Americans in, keep the Russians out and keep the Germans down. Much of the credit for bringing the Americans on board the NATO idea was due to Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Secretary.

GEORGE ORWELL (1903-1950)

  • Born Eric Arthur Bengal
  • Educated at Eton
  • Joined the Indian Imperial Police in Burma in 1922
  • Worked as a tutor
  • Fought in the Spanish Civil War
  • A war correspondent for the BBC and The Observer in the Second World War
  • Remembered for The Road to Wigan Pier, Animal Farm and 1984

did you know?
The Lake District became one of the first twelve National Parks created in 1949.

Select historical period

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1944 Butler's Education Act
1945 Attlee becomes Prime Minister
World War II ends
1946 National Insurance Act is passed
National Health Act is passed
The United Nations is founded
1947 India becomes independent
1948 Gandhi is assassinated
1949 NATO is formed
Ireland become independent
1950 Korean War breaks out
1951 Churchill becomes Prime Minister
The Festival of Britain begins
1952 Death of George VI
1953 Elizabeth II crowned
Hilary and Tensing climb Mount Everest
Death of Stalin

1949 British Coinage
Half Crown
Two Shilling Piece

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