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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

Shortages, the National Health Bill, & the U.N. Meet
In 1946 Clement Attlee and his Labour government began their social revolution.

Aneurin Bevan introduced the National Health Service Bill proposing to nationalise the hospitals and surgeries and by weekly tax contributions, make their facilities available to everyone who needed medical attention.

Jim Griffiths implemented the 1945 Family Allowances Act. The first payments were made in August to more than 2.5million families. He introduced the 1946 National Insurance Act which proposed that every woman between 16 and 60 and every man between 16 and 65 would be insured in sickness and in health and in old age.

In January 1946 the first session of the United Nations General Assembly took place. It replaced the failed League of Nations. The number of international concerns was daunting.

In May Attlee announced that India would become independent only for The Hindu Congress Party to reject Britain's proposals. The Moslem League wanted a seperate state that would be to the north of the Hindu territory to be known as Pakistan. This would not be resolved until 1947.

Britain had problems in Palestine too many Jews wanted to go there and the Arabs were anxious. Britain banned more Jews from going to Palestine this angered the Americans. They demanded 100,000 Jews should be allowed into Palestine. The British withdrew their embassy staff.

Mahatma Gandhi (1869-1948)

  • Studied law in London and set up a lucrative legal practice in Bombay
  • In 1893 he gave this up to live in South Africa promoting Indian rights
  • Returned to India in 1914 and started to campaign for independence, which became his life's ambition
  • Jailed more than once for opposing the government in India.
  • During the Second World War he refused Britain's offer of Dominion status for India specifying independence was the only acceptable status
  • This was finally granted in 1947
  • Assassinated in Delhi on 30 January 1948

did you know?
Wartime food rationing did not get better in 1946 in fact in got worse. Rationing on bread was introduced for the first time.

The Principle Ministers In Attlee's 1945 Labour Government

  • Clement Attlee Prime Minister
  • Herbert Morrison Lord President
  • Arthur Greenwood Lord Privy Seal
  • Hugh Dalton Chancellor of the Exchequer
  • Ernest Bevin Foreign Secretary
  • Chuter Ede Home Secretary
  • Sir Stafford Cripps President of the Board of Trade
  • Tom Williams Minister for Agriculture
  • Emmanuel Shinwell Minister for Fuel and Power
  • Aneurin Bevan Minister for Health
  • Ellen Wilkinson Education Minister
Select historical period

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1941 The Atlantic Charter is formed
Anglo-Soviet Treaty is signed
1942 The Beveridge Report is published
1944 Butler's Education Act
1945 Attlee becomes Prime Minister
World War II ends
1946 National Insurance Act is passed
National Health Act is passed
The United Nations is founded
1947 India becomes independent
1948 Gandhi is assassinated
1949 NATO is formed
Republic of Ireland become independent
1950Korean War breaks out
1951Churchill becomes Prime Minister
Festival of Britain opens

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