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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

Rebellion in Russia & Balfour Resigns
1905 saw the first major revolution in Russia. In London Balfour and Chamberlain joined forces against the Liberal Free Traders. The Liberals forced a vote and Balfour resigned and the Liberal leader Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman became Prime Minister on a point of constitutional procedure.

Alfred Einstein published his theory of relativity and the first aspirins went on sale. Binet introduced his Intelligence Test. Two Frenchmen flew over the Channel in a hot-air balloon landing at Crystal Palace. By popular request, Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes returned from the dead in 1905

Henry Campbell Bannerman
Henry Campbell Bannerman
SIR HENRY CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN (1836-1908)

  • The son of the Lord Provost of Glasgow
  • Educated at Cambridge
  • MP for Sterling for 40 years from 1868
  • Condemned the British concentration camps in the Boer War and supported Irish Home Rule
  • Irish Chief Secretary under Gladstone and then Secretary of State for War 1892 to 1895
  • Succeeded Sir William Harcourt as Leader of the Liberals in 1898
  • Became PM in 1905 after Balfour's constitutional resignation whereby the leader of the next biggest party became PM
  • Won the election in 1906 and formed a new "ministry of all the talents" - Asquith, Grey, Lloyd George and Morley - but the Lords prevented legislation
  • His legacy is the way in which he brought about self-government for the Transvaal and Orange Rover Colony
  • Resigned through ill-health and died the following month

did you know?

An outbreak of typhus in London's East End in 1905 reminds us that conditions in the inner city were wretched. This followed an outbreak of smallpox in 1904.

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Chronology
1901 Edward VII becomes king
1902 Balfour becomes Prime Minister
Balfour's Education Act is passed
1903 Chamberlain resigns to campaign for tariff reform
The Women's Social and Political Union is founded by
Emmeline Pankhurst
1904 The Russo-Japanese War begins
1905 Campbell-Bannerman becomes Prime Minister
The Piccadilly and Bakerloo tube lines open
1906 Trade Disputes Act is passed
1907 Anglo-Russian entente is formed
1908 Campbell-Bannerman dies
Asquith becomes Prime Minister
1909 Old Age Pensions are introduced
1910 Edward VII dies
George V becomes king
The Union of South Africa is established

CAMPBELL-BANNERMAN'S 1905 CABINET
H H Asquith was Chancellor of the Exchequer
Herbert Gladstone was Home Secretary
Sir Edward Grey was Foreign Secretary
The Earl of Elgin was Colonial Secretary
R B Haldane was Secretary of War
Other Cabinet members included David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill.


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