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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

South Africa, Balfour, & Education
In 1902 Salisbury retired and Arthur Balfour became Prime Minister. King Edward VII was crowned. The Boer War came to an end - English became the national language though Dutch could still be used in schools and the law courts.

Balfour encouraged by Robert Morant guided an Education Bill through Parliament which changed education for the next 40 years. The Act created 140 Local Education Authorities thereby placing secondary education and technical training under the control of borough and county councils.

Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
ARTHUR JAMES BALFOUR (1848-1930)

  • First Earl of Balfour
  • Prime Minister 1902 to 1905
  • Related to the famous Cecil family through his mother
  • Educated at Eton and Cambridge, he entered Parliament in 1874 as a Conservative and became Private Secretary for Scotland and then Ireland under his uncle, Lord Salisbury
  • Gave his name to the 1902 Education Act
  • Successfully formed the Committee of Imperial Defence but failed to settle the Tariff Reform argument and experienced a landslide defeat in 1905
  • Resigned as Party Leader in 1911
  • Became Foreign Secretary during the First World War
  • The Balfour Declaration in 1917 promised to create a home for Jews in Palestine

did you know?
In 1902 Lord Kensington sold 82 acres of land (including 1,450 homes and shops) around the Earl's Court area of London for £565,000.

Beatrix Potter published The Tale Of Peter Rabbit in 1902.

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Chronology
1898Gladstone dies
1899 The Second Boer War begins
1901Queen Victoria dies
Edward VII becomes king
1902Balfour becomes Prime Minister
Balfour's Education Act
1903 Chamberlain resigns to campaign for tariff reform
The Women's Social and Political Union is founded by
Emmeline Pankhurst
1904 The Russo-Japanese War begins
1905 Campbell-Bannerman becomes Prime Minister
The Piccadilly and Bakerloo tube lines open
1906Trade Disputes Act is passed
1907 Anglo-Russian entente is formed
1908 Campbell-Bannerman dies
Asquith becomes Prime Minister

MODERN UNIVERSITIES AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 20TH CENTURY
1900 Birmingham
1903 Manchester
1903 Liverpool
1904 Leeds
1905 Sheffield
1909 Bristol


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