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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

A New King, A New Century
In 1901 Queen Victoria died and Prince Edward became Edward VII. Edward VII was not Hanoverian but of the House of Saxe-Coburg.

In South Africa the Boer War continued. Lord Kitchener set up concentration camps in which thousands died.

At the end of 1901 Marconi discovered that he could receive signals in Cornwall that had been transmitted from Newfoundland. International communications had begun.

Edward VII
Edward VII
EDWARD VII (1841-1910)

  • King of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India 1901 to 1910
  • At two months old he became Prince of Wales and remained so until the age of 60
  • Good at languages and interested in foreign affairs
  • Encouraged the Anglo-French entente in 1904 and the Anglo-Russian agreement in 1907
  • Married Princess Alexandra of Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein in 1863

did you know?
Twenty per cent of the population lived in London in 1901 and still does.

One in five people were going to church in London in 1901 and they tended to be the smarter people.

It was said that the Church of England was the Conservative Party at prayer.


Statistics Of British Workers In 1901

  • 2,300,000 worked on the land
  • 229,000 coachmen, grooms, cabmen and drivers of omnibus
  • 163,000 worked on the seas, rivers and canals
  • 221,000 messengers, porters and watchmen
  • 2,000,000 (approx.) were indoor domestics
  • 127,000 charwomen
  • 236,000 washerwomen, ironers and manglers
They were employed by:
  • 52,000 clergymen
  • 27,000 lawyers
  • 28,000 physicians and surgeons
  • 276,000 schoolmasters, professors and lecturers
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Chronology
1897Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee
1898Gladstone dies
1899The Second Boer War begins
1901 Queen Victoria dies
Edward VII becomes king
1902 Balfour becomes Prime Minister
Balfour's Education Act is passed
1903 Chamberlain resigns to campaign for tariff reform
The Women's Social and Political Union is founded by
Emmeline Pankhurst
1904The Russo-Japanese War begins
1905 Campbell-Bannerman becomes Prime Minister
The first motor buses are seen in London
The Piccadilly and Bakerloo tube lines open
1906Trade Disputes Act is passed


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