A New King, A New Century
In 1901 Queen Victoria died and Prince Edward became Edward VII. Edward VII was not Hanoverian but of the House of Saxe-Coburg.
In South Africa the Boer War continued. Lord Kitchener set up concentration camps in which thousands died.
At the end of 1901 Marconi discovered that he could receive signals in Cornwall that had been transmitted from Newfoundland. International communications had begun.
EDWARD VII (1841-1910)
- King of Great Britain and Ireland and Emperor of India 1901 to 1910
- At two months old he became Prince of Wales and remained so until the age of 60
- Good at languages and interested in foreign affairs
- Encouraged the Anglo-French entente in 1904 and the Anglo-Russian agreement in 1907
- Married Princess Alexandra of Denmark and Schleswig-Holstein in 1863
Twenty per cent of the population lived in London in 1901 and still does.
One in five people were going to church in London in 1901 and they tended to be the smarter people.
It was said that the Church of England was the Conservative Party at prayer.
Statistics Of British Workers In 1901
They were employed by:
- 2,300,000 worked on the land
- 229,000 coachmen, grooms, cabmen and drivers of omnibus
- 163,000 worked on the seas, rivers and canals
- 221,000 messengers, porters and watchmen
- 2,000,000 (approx.) were indoor domestics
- 127,000 charwomen
- 236,000 washerwomen, ironers and manglers
- 52,000 clergymen
- 27,000 lawyers
- 28,000 physicians and surgeons
- 276,000 schoolmasters, professors and lecturers
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|1897||Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee|
|1899||The Second Boer War begins|
|1901 ||Queen Victoria dies|
Edward VII becomes king
|1902 ||Balfour becomes Prime Minister|
Balfour's Education Act is passed
|1903 ||Chamberlain resigns to campaign for tariff reform|
The Women's Social and Political Union is founded by
|1904||The Russo-Japanese War begins|
|1905 ||Campbell-Bannerman becomes Prime Minister|
The first motor buses are seen in London
The Piccadilly and Bakerloo tube lines open
|1906||Trade Disputes Act is passed|