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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

American Civil War and the Death of Prince Albert
In 1861 Civil War broke out in America. The abolition of slavery in Britain caused concern among the Southern States of America. When Abraham Lincoln became President of the United States in 1861 the Southern States decided to withdraw from the Union - the United States were no longer. This year was a terribly sad one for Victoria. She lost her mother at the beginning of the year and her beloved husband, Prince Albert at the end. She retreated from public life and went into deep mourning from which she never totally emerged.

Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln
ABRAHAM LINCOLN (1809-1865)

  • President of the USA 1860-1865
  • Born near Hodgenville, Kentucky
  • Son of a pioneer
  • Settled in Indiana in 1816
  • Mother died in 1818 and his new stepmother was interested in education
  • In 1830 moved to Illinois
  • Began work as a shop assistant; he bought his own shop but went bankrupt
  • Became village postmaster and deputy county surveyor
  • Studied law and grammar
  • Elected to the legislature in 1834 and served until 1842
  • Practiced law in 1836
  • Married Mary Todd in 1842
  • Joined the Republican Party in 1856
  • Campaigned for abolition of slavery was elected President in 1860 and made the freedom of slaves his aim
  • First used the phrase "government of the people, by the people, for the people"
  • Assassinated while at the theatre on Good Friday 1865

did you know?
Italy became one nation in 1861. Victor Emmanuel II became its first King.

Prince Albert was a workaholic, he found it impossible to delegate and so worked a very long day, starting hours before breakfast.


LETTER FROM VICTORIA TO HER UNCLE, KING LEOPALD OF THE BELGIANS AFTER ALBERT'S DEATH

My Own Dearest, Kindest Father - For as such have I ever loved you!
The poor fatherless baby of eight months is now utterly broken-hearted and crushed widow of forty-two!
My life as a happy one is ended!
The world is gone for me!
If I must live on, his spirit will guide and inspire me!
But oh! to be cut off in the prime of life when I had hoped with such instinctive certainty that God never would part us, and would let us grow old together is too awful, too cruel! ...
I am also anxious to repeat one thing, and that one is my firm resolve, my irrevocable decision, namely that his wishes - his plans - about everything, his views about everything are to be my law!
And no human power will make me swerve from what he decided and wished ...
And I live on with him, for him; in fact I am only outwardly separated from him, and only for a time.

God bless and preserve you, Ever your wretched but devoted Child,

Victoria R

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Chronology
1834 Melbourne becomes Prime Minister
Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister
Tamworth Manifesto is announced
Houses of Parliament are burned down
1835Melbourne becomes Prime Minister
1837William IV dies
Victoria becomes Queen
1838The People's Charter is issued
1839 The Opium War breaks out
1840Victoria marries Prince Albert
1841Peel becomes Prime Minister
1842The Opium War ends
1845 The Irish famine starts
1846 The corn laws are repealed
Russell becomes Prime Minister
1848 Public Health Act
1851 The Great Exhibition
Louis Napoleon seizes power in France
1854The Crimean War breaks out
Florence Nightingale arrives at Scutari
1855Palmerston becomes Prime Minister
1856 The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War
1857The Indian Mutiny breaks out
1858 The Crown takes over the government of India
Derby becomes Prime Minister
1859 Palmerston becomes Prime Minister
1861 Prince Albert dies
1865Palmerston dies
Russell becomes Prime Minister


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