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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

The Arrow War
The Arrow War or the Second Opium War began in 1856. The Chinese boarded a British vessel suspicious of piracy and smuggling they captured 12 men and threw them into prison.

The English and the French joined forces and the Chinese capitulated. The allies demanded the right to embassies in Peking, a closed city at the time and legitimised the opium trade.

Lord Derby
Lord Derby
EDWARD STANLEY, EARL OF DERBY (1799-1869)

  • Conservative MP and Prime Minister 1852, 1858-1859, 1866-1868
  • Served under Canning, Goderich and Gray
  • Secretary for Ireland
  • Secretary for War and the Colonies 1833-1834
  • Negotiated the abolition of slavery in the West Indies
  • Colonial Secretary 1844 to 1845
  • Resigned over repeal of the Corn Laws

did you know?
The Arrow was a small vessel, owned by a chinese and registered in Hong Kong.


EXTRACT FROM 1851 CENSUS OF THE NATION'S WORKERS

  • Cotton, calico, manufacture, printing and dyeing: 501,565
  • Boot and shoe makers: more than 274,000
  • Hat and dress makers: 268,000
  • Coal miners: 219,000
  • Washerwomen, manglers and laundry keepers: 146,091
  • Errand boys, porters and messengers: 101,000
  • Grocers: 86,000
  • Gardeners: 81,000
  • Engine and machine makers: 48,000
  • Railway labourers: 34,306
  • Pedlars: 30,500
  • Horsekeepers, grooms and jockeys: 29,000
  • Nurses: 25,500
  • Straw hat and bonnet makers: 22,000
  • Anglican clergymen: 18,587
  • Policemen: 18,348
  • Surgeons and apothecaries: 15,163
  • Stay makers: 13,700
  • Hair dressers and wig makers: more than 12,000
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Chronology
1837William IV dies
Victoria becomes Queen
1838The People's Charter is issued
1839 The Opium War breaks out
1840 Victoria marries Prince Albert
1841Peel becomes Prime Minister
1842 The Opium War ends
1845The Irish famine starts
1846The corn laws are repealed
Russell becomes Prime Minister
1848Public Health Act
1851 The Great Exhibition
Louis Napoleon seizes power in France
1854 The Crimean War breaks out
Florence Nightingale arrives at Scutari
1855 Palmerston becomes Prime Minister
1856 The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War
1857 The Indian Mutiny breaks out
1858 The Crown takes over the government of India
Derby becomes Prime Minister
1859Palmerston becomes Prime Minister
1861Prince Albert dies
1865 Palmerston dies
Russell becomes Prime Minister


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