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This Sceptred Isle

The Indian Mutiny
The Indian Mutiny started in 1857. For about a year Indians rebelled against the East India Company. British men, women and children were killed, the army took horrible revenge.

An Act of Parliament took away the East India Company's territories and their soldiers and gave them to the Crown. A council was established with a principal Secretary of State and this took over full government. The title of Viceroy of India was used for the first time.

Lord Curzon
Lord Curzon

  • First Viceroy of India and third son of George Canning
  • Went to India with the East India Company
  • Made Governor-General of India in 1856 and from 1858 First Viceroy after defeating the Indian Mutiny in 1857 - during which he was wrongly called Clemency Canning
  • Reorganized India's administrative, legal and financial systems
  • Created an Earl in 1859

did you know?
One of the things that sparked off the Indian Mutiny was the introduction of the new Enfield paper cartridge. The end of the cartridge had to be bitten off prior to its loading. The cartridges were allegedly greased with animal fat and hence were regarded by Muslims and Hindus as unclean.


• Punjab • Sirhind • Kumaon • Rohilkhand • Oudh • Nepal • Bihar • Benal • Sikkim • Assam • Mysore

Select historical period

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1837William IV dies
Victoria becomes Queen
1838The People's Charter is issued
1839 The Opium War breaks out
1840Victoria marries Prince Albert
1841Peel becomes Prime Minister
1842The Opium War ends
1845 The Irish famine starts
1846 The corn laws are repealed
Russell becomes Prime Minister
1848 Public Health Act
1851The Great Exhibition
Louis Napoleon seizes power in France
1854 The Crimean War breaks out
Florence Nightingale arrives at Scutari
1855Palmerston becomes Prime Minister
1856 The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean War
1857The Indian Mutiny breaks out
1858The Indian Mutiny ends
Canning becomes 1st Viceroy
1860Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the United States

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