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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

Victoria and Dear Albert
In 1840 Queen Victoria married her cousin, Prince Albert. She did not want him to share her constitutional responsibilities but did want him to have some precedence. A great debate started in Parliament and Prince Albert was not allowed a seat in the Lords and was not granted the title of Prince Consort until 1857.

In 1841 the Whigs lost four by-elections. They lost a budget motion in the House and then a motion of no-confidence. On 28th August 1841 Melbourne resigned again, this time for good.

Prince Albert
Prince Albert
PRINCE ALBERT (1819-1861)

  • Prince Consort of Queen Victoria
  • Born at Schloss Roseneau
  • Younger son of the Duke and Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
  • Educated at Bonn
  • Married Victoria, his first cousin, in 1840
  • Soon, Victoria, could not do without Albert's advice; he was given the title Prince Consort in 1857
  • He encouraged high standards in the arts and sciences and masterminded the Great Exhibition in 1851 to celebrate the achievements of Victorian times
  • Died of typhoid fever in 1861 after which, the Queen remained in her widow's weeds

did you know?
Victoria's father, the Duke of Kent, was fourth in line to the throne. Even though he had three younger brothers by the law of primogeniture Victoria took precedent over those brothers and their children. Law therefore makes Prince Charles's children heirs apparent rather than the Princess Royal.


  • Charles Dickens (1812-1870)
  • William Thackeray (1811-1863)
  • Charlotte Bronte (1816-1855)
  • Emily Bronte (1818-1848)
  • Anthony Trollope (1815-1882)
  • Jane Austen (1775-1817)
  • Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)
  • George Eliot (1819-1880)
Select historical period

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1834 Melbourne becomes Prime Minister
Robert Peel becomes Prime Minister
Tamworth Manifesto is announced
Houses of Parliament are burned down
1835Melbourne becomes Prime Minister
1837 William IV dies
Victoria becomes Queen
1838The People's Charter is issued
1839 The Opium War breaks out
1840Victoria marries Prince Albert
1841Peel becomes Prime Minister
1842The Opium War ends
1845The Irish famine starts
1846 The corn laws are repealed
Russell becomes Prime Minister
1848Public Health Act
1851 The Great Exhibition
Louis Napoleon seizes power in France
1854The Crimean War breaks out
Florence Nightingale arrives at Scutari

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