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3 Oct 2014
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This Sceptred Isle

American Independence
The War of American Independence began in 1775 at Lexington and Concord. At first the Patriots, as they came to be called, did not have great support in the original 13 colonies. By the time the war had ended, with the Battle of Yorktown in 1783, all had changed.

George III is said to have lost America. The battles were won often because of British military incompetence, although generals such as Cornwallis, operated in very difficult circumstances. A young soldier who started the war as colonel was to become President. His name was George Washington.

George Washington
George Washington
GEORGE WASHINGTON (1732-1799)

  • First President of the United States of America (1789-1797)
  • A Virginian with roots in northern England
  • Fought the French between 1755 and 1759
  • Started in the War of American Independence as a young colonel
  • Commanded the Continental Army in 1775 at Yorktown
  • Presided over the federal convention of 1787 when the Constitution was adopted
  • Elected first US President
  • Retired in 1797
  • The capital city of the then new United States of America was named after him

did you know?
The stripes in the American stars and stripes national flag represent the 13 original colonies. The stars represent the States.

An act allowing the East India Company to ship tea to America free of tax helped unite the colonists against Britain. They were so outraged that when the first shipment arrived in Boston Harbour they boarded the ships and threw the tea into the water.

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Chronology
1760 George II dies
George III becomes king
Wolfe dies at Quebec
1761 Pitt the Elder falls from power
1762Newcastle resigns
Bute becomes Prime Minister
1763Bute resigns
Grenville becomes Prime Minister
1765Rockingham becomes Prime Minister
Hargreaves invents the spinning jenny
1766 Grafton becomes nominal Prime Minister
1768 Royal Academy of Arts founded
1769 Captain Cook lands at Tahiti
1770 Lord
North becomes Prime Minister
1773 Boston Tea Party
1775 American Revolution begins
1776 American Declaration of Independence
1778 Death of Pitt the Elder
France joins America against Britain
1782North resigns
Rockingham becomes Prime Minister
Rockingham dies
Shelburne becomes Prime Minister

13 ORIGINAL COLONIES
Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Massachusetts
Maryland
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
South Carolina
Pennsylvania
Virginia
Rhode Island


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