Sue Cook and the team answer listeners' historical queries and celebrate the way in which we all 'make' history.
28 June 2005
A Royal Navy surgeon in the 19th century
Making History listener Jennifer Fell contacted the programme for help in finding out more about the career of her ancestor William Quine. Quine served as an Acting Assistant Surgeon on board HMS Neptune (1811) and HMS Grampus (1815). Jennifer wanted to know about Quine's training and the skills he might have had.
Making History consulted Peter Goodwin, Curator of HMS Victory in Portsmouth, and Tony Harrison, Surgeon for the Historical Maritime Society.
The origin of 'Whig' and 'Tory'
Making History consulted Mark Goldie, Lecturer in History at Churchill College Cambridge.
The terms were first used in February 1681. They were both pejorative names that then became owned by the two groups they were once aimed at.
'Whig', a nickname for a covenanting rebel, was applied to those who opposed James Duke of York's claim to the throne because of his Catholicism. 'Tory' was a nickname for an Irish thief and was applied to those who supported James (and hence were regarded as crypto-Catholics or papists). In February 1681 the nation was in a period of crisis as the two sides were involved in a bitter parliamentary contest and, some thought, the country was drifting into civil war for the second time that century, hence the very polarised mindsets.
Local history hero
Neville Hortop is now 83 and since he retired from teaching over 25 years ago has regularly taken parties of schoolchildren and other visitors on tours of Conwy Castle in North Wales.
Details of the tours and the history of the castle can be found at the Cadw website.
Vanessa has presented science and current affairs programmes for BBC, ITV, Channel 4, Channel 5 and Discovery and has presented for BBC Radio 4 & Five Live and a regular contributor to the Daily Telegraph and the Mail on Sunday, Scotsman and Sunday Herald.
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