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History
THE THREE VOYAGES OF CAPTAIN COOK
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THE LATEST PROGRAMME
Monday 30 September 2002, 11.02-11.30
The world not only looked a very different place after Captain James Cook's three voyages of discovery, but it was looked at differently too.


PROGRAMME 2: 'TERRA AUSTRALIS INCOGNITA'
In the second of three programmes that re-evaluate the explorer Captain James Cook, Dr Nigel Rigby of the National Maritime Museum considers Cook's second voyage to the South Pacific.

In many ways this amounted to a negative achievement, demonstrating that there was indeed no fabled great Southern Continent in temperate latitudes. Talk of such a continent can be traced back to the days of Ptolemy. But it was Cook who conclusively proved that there was no kind of Arcadia whose mass counterbalanced that of the Northern Hemisphere.


The replica of Cook's Endeavour featured in the BBC series The Ship.


He did so by meticulously quartering the Southern Seas of the Atlantic and Pacific, going as far south as he possibly could in summer, encountering the icy conditions of the Antarctic. Then north again in the winters, thus discovering Hawaii, where he was to meet his fate on the third voyage.

Probably the world's leading expert on Cook, Professor Glyn Williams also gives his assessment of the man and his considerable achievements. Also in this programme a range of eminent speakers, both European and representing the indigenous cultures of the South Pacific, consider the enduring impact of those first encounters between Cook and the Polynesian, Melanesian, Maori and Aboriginal peoples.

Producer: Mark Smalley
Reader: Bill Wallis
Music composed and performed by: John Metcalfe.

FURTHER READING
The Journals of Captain Cook, Phillip Edwards, Penguin Books.
Voyages of Captain Cook, Captain James Cook, et al Wordsworth Editions Ltd.
Captain James Cook, Richard Hough, Coronet.
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DON'T MISS
In Our Time
Thursday 9.00-9.45am, rpt 9.30-10.00pm. Melvyn Bragg explores the history of ideas. Listen again online or download the latest programme as an mp3 file.
CAPTAIN COOK PAGES
Go to 1 - Further Than Any Man homepage
Go to 2 - Terra Australis Incognito
Go to 3 - This Melancholy Affair
RELATED PROGRAMMES
The Ship ..>>
This Sceptred Isle ..>>
USEFUL LINKS
National Maritime Museum ..>>
Captain Cook Memorial Museum ..>>
Captain Cook Society ..>>
In the Words Of Capt Cook and his Crew ..>>
The Pacific Before Cook, article by Dr Nigel Rigby ..>>
www.bbc.co.uk/history ..>>
Virtual Endeavour ..>>

Navigation Animation ..>>
PRESENTER
DR NIGEL RIGBY

Nigel Rigby is Head of Research at the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich. He joined the Museum in 1996 as a research fellow on the Wolfson Gallery of Trade and Empire. Between 1991 and 1994 he did a PhD at the University of Kent on European writing about the Pacific.

Together with Pieter van der Merwe, a colleague at the Museum, he has written Captain Cook in the Pacific, which will be published at the end of October 2002. He has also co-edited Modernism and Empire (Manchester, 2000) and The Worlds of the East India Company (Woodbridge, 2002).

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