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School of Illumination

Sunday 19 March 2006 21:30-22:15 (Radio 3)

Writer and singer Shusha Guppy tells the fascinating story of how Islamic philosophers brought the treasures of classical Greek thought to the West.

By the 9th Century, the works of philosophers like Plato and Aristotle had largely been lost in the Latin West. In the Islamic East it was a very different story. For centuries they had been translating these and other Greek philosophical school works, harvesting the knowledge they contained and in turn, writing their own commentaries. As the Islamic empire spread to Europe, that knowledge travelled with it.

Duration:

45 minutes

Bibliography

bibliography

The Cambridge Companion to Arabic Philosophy ( Cambridge Companions to Philosophy)
Peter Adamson (Editor), Richard Taylor (Editor) 2004: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052152069X


general works and collections of articles

Booth, E. Aristotelian Aporetic Ontology in Islamic and Christian Thinkers ( Cambridge : 1983).
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Corbin, H. History of Islamic Philosophy , trans. L. Sherrard ( London : 1993).
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al-kindÓ and the reception of greek philosophy

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avicenna and the avicennan tradition

Druart, T.-A. "The soul and body problem: Avicenna and Descartes," in Arabic Philosophy and the West: Continuity and Interaction , ed. T.-A. Druart (Washington, D.C.: 1988), 27-49.
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averroes

Aertsen, J. A. and Endress G. (eds.), Averroes and the Aristotelian Tradition ( Leiden : 1999).
Averroes, Averrois Cordubensis Commentarium Magnum in Aristotelis De Anima Libros, ed. F. S. Crawford ( Cambridge :1953).
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Averroes, On the Harmony of Religion and Philosophy: a translation, with introduction and notes, of Ibn Rushd's Kit‚b fa s l al-maq‚l with its appendix ( D amÓma) and an extract from Kit‚b al-kashf fÓ al-man‚hij al-adilla , trans. G. F. Hourani (London: 1967).
Taylor, R.C. "Averroes on Psychology and the Principles of Metaphysics," The Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (1998), 507-523.
Taylor , R.C. "Improving on Nature's Exemplar: Averroes' Completion of Aristotle's Psychology of Intellect" in P. Adamson, H. Baltussen, and M.W.F. Stone (eds.), Philosophy, Science and Exegesis in Greek, Arabic and Latin Commentaries ( London : forthcoming).
Taylor , R.C. " Cogitatio , Cogitativus and Cogitare : Remarks on the Cogitative Power in Averroes," in L'ťlaboration du vocabulaire philosophique au Moyen Age , ed. J. Hamesse and C. Steel (Louvain-la-Neuve: 2000), 111-146.
Taylor , R.C. "'Truth does not contradict truth': Averroes and the Unity of Truth," Topoi 19 (2000), 3-16.


suhrawardÓ and illuminationism

Aminrazavi, M. Suhrawardi and the School of Illumination (Richmond, Surrey: 1996).
Corbin, H. SohravardÓ et les Platoniciens de Perse (Paris: 1971-72); this is vol. 2 of Corbin [170].
Nasr, S.H. Three Muslim Sages ( Cambridge : 1964).
SuhrawardÓ, The Philosophy of Illumination , ed. and trans. J. Walbridge and H. Ziai ( Provo : 1999).
SuhrawardÓ, The Philosophical Allegories and Mystical Treatises, trans. W.M. Thackson, Jr. (Costa Mesa, CA: 1999).
Walbridge, J. The Science of Mystic Lights: Qutb al-Din Shirazi and the Illuminationist Tradition in Islamic Philosophy ( Cambridge : 1992).
Walbridge, J. The Leaven of the Ancients: Suhrawardi and the Heritage of the Greeks ( Albany : 2000).
Walbridge, J. The Wisdom of the Mystic East: SuhrawardÓ and Platonic Orientalism ( Albany : 2001).
Yazdi, M.H. The Principles of Epistemology in Islamic Philosophy: Knowledge by Presence ( Albany : 1992).
Ziai, H. Knowledge and Illumination: A Study of SuhrawardÓ's H ikmat al-Ishr‚q ( Atlanta : 1990).
Ziai, H. "The Source and Nature of Authority: a Study of al-SuhrawardÓ's Illuminationist Political Doctrine," in Butterworth [187] , 304-44.


mysticism and philosophy: ibn 'arabÓ and mull‚ s adr‚
Chittick, W.C. The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn 'Arabi's Metaphysics of Imagination ( Albany : 1989).
Corbin, H. En Islam Iranien , 4 vols. (Paris: 1971-2).
Hadot, P. Philosophy as a Way of Life: Spiritual Exercises from Socrates to Foucault , ed. A. Davidson, trans. M. Chase ( Oxford : 1995).
Ibn 'ArabÓ, Fu s Ż s al- h ikam , ed. 'A. 'AfÓfÓ, ( Cairo : 1946).
Ibn 'ArabÓ, al-FutŻ h ‚t al-Makkiyya , 4 vols., ( Cairo : n.d.; reprinted Beirut : n.d.).
Morris, J.W. "Ibn 'ArabÓ and his Interpreters," JAOS 106 (1986), 733-56.
Mull‚ S adr‚ [ S adr al-DÓn ShÓr‚zÓ], al- H ikma al-muta'‚liya fÓ al-asf‚r al-'aqliyya al-arba'a , ed. R. Lu t fÓ, I. AmÓnÓ, and F. UmmÓd, 3rd ed., 9 vols. (Beirut: 1981); new ed. with scholia of H asanz‚da ¬mulÓ, 2 vols. so far (Tehran: 1995-).
Rahman, F. The Philosophy of Mull‚ S adr‚ ( Albany : 1975).
Rizvi, S.H. Mull‚ S adr‚ ShÓr‚zÓ: Philosopher of the Mystics ( Cambridge : forthcoming).
Rosenthal, F. "Ibn 'ArabÓ between philosophy and mysticism," Oriens 31 (1988), 1-35.


arabic into latin: the reception of arabic philosophy into western europe

Burnett, C. "The Coherence of the Arabic-Latin Translation Program in Toledo in the Twelfth Century," Science in Context 14 (2001), 249-88.
Butterworth, C.E. and B.A. Kessel, (eds.), The Introduction of Arabic Philosophy into Europe ( Leiden : 1994).
Cranz, F.E. "Editions of the Latin Aristotle Accompanied by the Commentaries of Averroes," in E.P. Mahoney (ed.), Philosophy and Humanism: Renaissance Essays in Honor of Paul Oskar Kristeller ( Leiden : 1976), 116-28.
Jolivet, J. "The Arabic Inheritance," in A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy , ed. P. Dronke ( Cambridge : 1988): 113-47.

recent trends in islamic philosophy

Corbin, H. and ¬shtiy‚nÓ, S.J.D. (eds.), Anthologie des philosophes iraniens depuis le XVIIe siecle jusqu'a nos jours , 4 vols. (Tehran: 1972-).
Mohaghegh, M. and Landolt, L. (eds.), Collected Papers on Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism ( Tehran : 1971).
F. Rahman, "The Post-Formative Developments in Islam," Islamic Studies 1 (1962), 1-23, and 2 (1963), 297-316.
Sadra Islamic Philosophy Research Institute, Islam-West Philosophical Dialogue. The Papers presented at the World Congress on Mulla Sadra , vol.1, Mulla Sadra and Transcendent Philosophy ( Tehran : 2001).
M. Sadughi, Post-Sadr-ul-Muti'allihin Mystics and Philosophers [sic] ( Tehran : 1980).
Schmitdke, S. The Theology of al-'All‚ma al- H illÓ ( Berlin : 1991).
Schmitdke, S. Theologie , Philosophie und Mystik im zwŲlferschiitischen Islam des Hossein Ziai, "Knowledge and Authority in ShÓ'Ó Philosophy," in Shiite Heritage: Essays in Classical and Modern Traditions , ed. L. Clarke (Binghampton, 2001), 359-373.




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