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Wagner's Tristan and Isolde

Deborah Voigt as Isolde. Photo: Ken Howard/Metropolitan Opera

Deborah Voigt as Isolde. Photo: Ken Howard/Metropolitan Opera

Live from the Met

Saturday 22 March 2008 16:30-21:45 (Radio 3)

Wagner's Tristan and Isolde

Live from the Met


Saturday 22 March 2008 16:30-21:45 (Radio 3)

Direct from New York, James Levine conducts Deborah Voigt as Isolde in her debut in this role at the Met.  She is joined by tenor  Robert Dean Smith as Tristan in Wagner's exploration of the agony and the ecstasy of erotic love. After unwittingly drinking a love potion, Tristan and Isolde fall deeply in love with each other, but their romance faces opposition from King Marke and can only end in tragedy.

The score of Tristan changed the course of music history with its restless harmonies that represent "the insatiable and sweet craving for the secrets of night and death." James Levine conducts.

Robert Dean Smith is replacing the indisposed Ben Heppner and in fact this will be his MET debut. This evening's broadcast will include the legendary Met Opera Quiz (click on the link for information on how to send in your questions) hosted  by mezzo-soprano Felicity Palmer, (who appeared in last Saturday's broadcast of Peter Grimes), and live interviews with the cast backstage.

Presented from New York by Margaret Juntwait with Ira Siff as guest commentator. 


Duration:

5 hours 15 minutes

CAST AND SYNOPSIS


Isolde................. Deborah Voigt (soprano)
Tristan............... Robert Dean Smith(tenor)
Brangane............. Michelle DeYoung (mezzo-soprano)
Kurnewal............. Eike Wilm Schulte (baritone)
King Marke.......... Matti Salminen (bass)
Sailor's Voice...... Tony Stevenson (tenor)
Shepherd........... Mark Schowalter (tenor)
Melot................ Stephen Gaertner (baritone)
Steersman......... James Courtney (bass-baritone)


James Levine (Conductor)
Orchestra and Chorus of New York Metropolitan Opera


SYNOPSIS

ACT I.
Isolde, an Irish princess, is being taken by ship to Cornwall by Tristan, whose uncle, King Marke, plans to marry her. She becomes enraged by a sailor's song about an Irish girl, and her maid, Brangane, tries to calm her. Isolde interrogates Tristan, but he replies evasively. His companion Kurwenal loudly ridicules the Irish women and sings a mocking verse about Morold, Isolde's fiance, who was killed by Tristan when he came to Cornwall to exact tribute for Ireland. Isolde, barely able to control her anger, tells Brangane how the wounded Tristan came to her in disguise after his fight with Morold so that he could be healed by Isolde's knowledge of herbs and magic ("Wie lachend sie mir Lieder singen"). Isolde explains to Brangane that she recognized Tristan, but her determination to take revenge for Morold's death dissolved when he pleadingly looked into her eyes. She now bitterly regrets her reluctance to kill him and wishes death for him and herself. Brangane reminds her that to marry a king is no dishonor and that Tristan is simply performing his duty. Isolde maintains that his behavior shows his lack of love for her, and asks Brangane to prepare a death potion. Kurwenal tells the women to prepare to leave the ship, as shouts from the deck announce the sighting of land. Isolde insists that she will not accompany Tristan until he apologizes for his offenses. He appears and greets her with cool courtesy ("Herr Tristan trete nah"). When she tells him she wants satisfaction for Morold's death, Tristan offers her his sword, but she will not kill him. Instead, Isolde suggests that they make peace with a drink of friendship. He understands that she means to poison them both, but still drinks, and she does the same. Expecting death, they exchange a long look of love, then fall into each other's arms. Brangane admits that she has in fact mixed a love potion, as sailors' voices announce the ship's arrival in Cornwall.

ACT II. In a garden outside Marke's castle, distant horns signal the king's departure on a hunting party. Isolde waits impatiently for a rendezvous with Tristan. Brangane warns her about spies, particularly Melot, a jealous knight whom she has noticed watching Tristan. Isolde replies that Melot is Tristan's friend and sends Brangane off to stand watch. When Tristan appears, she welcomes him passionately. They praise the darkness that shuts out all false appearances and agree that they feel secure in the night's embrace ("O sink hernieder, Nacht der Liebe"). Brangane's distant voice warns that it will be daylight soon ("Einsam wachend in der Nacht"), but the lovers are oblivious to any danger and compare the night to death, which will ultimately unite them. Kurwenal rushes in with a warning: the king and his followers have returned, led by Melot, who denounces the lovers. Moved and disturbed, Marke declares that it was Tristan himself who urged him to marry and chose the bride. He does not understand how someone so dear to him could dishonor him in such a way ("Tatest Du's wirklich?"). Tristan cannot answer. He asks Isolde if she will follow him into the realm of death. When she accepts, Melot attacks Tristan, who falls wounded into Kurwenal's arms.

ACT III. Tristan lies mortally ill outside Kareol, his castle in Brittany, where he is tended by Kurwenal. A shepherd inquires about his master, and Kurwenal explains that only Isolde, with her magic arts, could save him. The shepherd agrees to play a cheerful tune on his pipe as soon as he sees a ship approaching. Hallucinating, Tristan imagines the realm of night where he will return with Isolde. He thanks Kurwenal for his devotion, then envisions Isolde's ship approaching, but the Shepherd's mournful tune signals that the sea is still empty. Tristan recalls the melody, which he heard as a child. It reminds him of the duel with Morold, and he wishes Isolde's medicine had killed him then instead of making him suffer now. The shepherd's tune finally turns cheerful. Tristan gets up from his sickbed in growing agitation and tears off his bandages, letting his wounds bleed. Isolde rushes in, and he falls, dying, in her arms. When the shepherd announces the arrival of another ship, Kurwenal assumes it carries Marke and Melot, and barricades the gate. Brangane's voice is heard from outside, trying to calm Kurwenal, but he will not listen and stabs Melot before he is killed himself by the king's soldiers. Marke is overwhelmed with grief at the sight of the dead Tristan, while Brangane explains to Isolde that the king has come to pardon the lovers. Isolde, transfigured, does not hear her, and with a vision of Tristan beckoning her to the world beyond ("Mild und leise"), she sinks dying upon his body.

©Metropolitan Opera



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