Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
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1756-01-27
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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography (BBC)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg in 1756, the son of a violinist at the court of the local Prince-Archbishop. His father, recognising early the boy’s extraordinary musical talents, proceeded to take him on performing tours throughout Europe so that he could be exposed to as wide a range of musical styles and cultural milieux as possible. By the age of 16 Mozart had visited England, Italy, France and Germany, had met many important musical and political figures, and had had three operas performed in Milan.

It was the sort of education he could never have gained in Salzburg; and, while the constant travelling may have contributed to his lifelong poor health, it was doubtless also a major factor in the formation of his cosmopolitan musical style.

Throughout the 1770s, however, Mozart was a member of the Salzburg orchestra. Growing frustration with his position led him to try his luck in Mannheim and Paris in 1777–8, but the trip brought only disappointment and within a few months he was back in Salzburg. A breakthrough of sorts came when a commission from Munich led to his first great opera, Idomeneo (1781), a work into which he poured all of the musical experience he had so far gained.

The year 1781 finally saw him break with Salzburg and move to the musically more sophisticated Vienna, where he embarked on the life of a freelance composer, pianist and teacher. At first he enjoyed considerable success, particularly as a pianist in his own concertos and with his lively comic opera Die Entführung aus dem Serail (1782). There followed three of his greatest operatic masterpieces – The Marriage of Figaro (1786), Don Giovanni (1787) and Così fan tutte (1790) – but by the time of the last his popularity had waned and he found himself seriously in debt. He died in December 1791, not long after the successful premiere of his final opera, The Magic Flute.

Profile by Lindsay Kemp © BBC

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Biography (Wikipedia)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January 1756 – 5 December 1791), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the Classical period.

Born in Salzburg, Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest childhood. Already competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty. At 17, Mozart was engaged as a musician at the Salzburg court but grew restless and travelled in search of a better position. While visiting Vienna in 1781, he was dismissed from his Salzburg position. He chose to stay in the capital, where he achieved fame but little financial security. During his final years in Vienna, he composed many of his best-known symphonies, concertos, and operas, and portions of the Requiem, which was largely unfinished at the time of his early death at the age of 35. The circumstances of his death have been much mythologized.

He composed more than 600 works, many of which are acknowledged as pinnacles of symphonic, concertante, chamber, operatic, and choral music. He is among the greatest and most enduringly popular of classical composers, and his influence is profound on subsequent Western art music. Ludwig van Beethoven composed his early works in the shadow of Mozart, and Joseph Haydn wrote: "posterity will not see such a talent again in 100 years".

This entry is from Wikipedia, the user-contributed encyclopedia. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors and is licensed under an Attribution-ShareAlike Creative Commons License. If you find the biography content factually incorrect or highly offensive you can edit this article at Wikipedia. Find out more about our use of this data.

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Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Violin Concerto No 3 in G major, K 216 (3rd mvt)
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Violin Concerto No 3 in G major, K 216 (3rd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Serenade in G major, K 525, 'Eine kleine Nachtmusik' (1st mvt)
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Serenade in G major, K 525, 'Eine kleine Nachtmusik' (1st mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Apollo et Hyacinthus, K. 38: No 19.Tandem post turbida fulmina
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Apollo et Hyacinthus, K. 38: No 19.Tandem post turbida fulmina
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
La finta giardiniera, K196 - Va' pure ad altri in braccio" (Ramiro); Act 3
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La finta giardiniera, K196 - Va' pure ad altri in braccio" (Ramiro); Act 3
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony No 25 (1st movement)
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Symphony No 25 (1st movement)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (first movement)
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Eine Kleine Nachtmusik (first movement)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Sonata in F major for piano duet, K 497 (3rd mvt)
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Sonata in F major for piano duet, K 497 (3rd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Sonata in D major for two pianos, K.448 (2nd mvt)
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Sonata in D major for two pianos, K.448 (2nd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Sonata for piano duet in B flat major, K358
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Sonata for piano duet in B flat major, K358
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony No 31 in D K297/300a 'Paris'
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Symphony No 31 in D K297/300a 'Paris'
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Violin Sonata in F major, K 376 (2nd mvt)
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Violin Sonata in F major, K 376 (2nd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Serenade in B flat, K.361 'Gran Partita' (3rd mvt)
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Serenade in B flat, K.361 'Gran Partita' (3rd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Partita in F major, K.Anh.C 17.05
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Partita in F major, K.Anh.C 17.05
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Concerto No. 15 in B Flat Major, K.450
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Concerto No. 15 in B Flat Major, K.450
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Rondo in A minor K.511 for piano
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Rondo in A minor K.511 for piano
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony No 13 in F major, K 112
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Symphony No 13 in F major, K 112
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Dies Irae (Requiem)
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Dies Irae (Requiem)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Horn Concerto No 3 in E flat major, K 447 (3rd mvt)
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Horn Concerto No 3 in E flat major, K 447 (3rd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The Marriage of Figaro (Overture)
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The Marriage of Figaro (Overture)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Serenade in C minor for Wind Octet (K.388)
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Serenade in C minor for Wind Octet (K.388)

Serenade in C minor for Wind Octet (K.388)

Ensemble
Wind Ensemble of Hungarian State Opera
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Violin Sonata in C major K.303
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Violin Sonata in C major K.303
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Overture from Le nozze di Figaro
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Overture from Le nozze di Figaro
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Horn Quintet in E flat major, K 407 (3rd mvt)
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Horn Quintet in E flat major, K 407 (3rd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Le Nozze di Figaro, K492, Overture
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Le Nozze di Figaro, K492, Overture
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Horn Concerto No 1 in D major, K 412
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Horn Concerto No 1 in D major, K 412
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Rondo in E flat major, K 371
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Rondo in E flat major, K 371
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Piano Concerto No 23 in A major, K 488 (2nd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No 23 in A major, K 488 (2nd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Bassoon Concerto in B flat, K 191
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Bassoon Concerto in B flat, K 191
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Two Contredanses, K.609
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Two Contredanses, K.609
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
The Magic Flute (excerpts arranged for wind ensemble)
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The Magic Flute (excerpts arranged for wind ensemble)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Et incarnatus est (Mass in C minor, K427)
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Et incarnatus est (Mass in C minor, K427)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Rondo in D major, K.485
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Rondo in D major, K.485
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Overture (Le Nozze di Figaro, K492)
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Overture (Le Nozze di Figaro, K492)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Concerto in C major, K.299 (2nd mvt)
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Concerto in C major, K.299 (2nd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony no. 35 in D major K.385 (Haffner)
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Symphony no. 35 in D major K.385 (Haffner)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
No, no, che non sei capace - aria K.419
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No, no, che non sei capace - aria K.419
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Cassation (Final-Musik) in G major K.63: 3rd movement; Andante
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Cassation (Final-Musik) in G major K.63: 3rd movement; Andante
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Popoli di Tessaglia - recitative and aria K.316
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Popoli di Tessaglia - recitative and aria K.316
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail - singspiel in 3 acts K.384: Overture
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Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail - singspiel in 3 acts K.384: Overture
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony no 39 in E flat, K.543
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Symphony no 39 in E flat, K.543
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Violin Concerto no 5 in A major, K.219 'Turkish'
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Violin Concerto no 5 in A major, K.219 'Turkish'
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony no 33 in B flat, K319
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Symphony no 33 in B flat, K319
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Rondo in D major, K 382
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Rondo in D major, K 382
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Der Vogelfänger bin ich ja (The Magic Flute)
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Der Vogelfänger bin ich ja (The Magic Flute)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Symphony No 31 in D major, 'Paris', K297
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Symphony No 31 in D major, 'Paris', K297
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Piano Concerto No.22 in E flat, K.482 (3rd mvt)
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Piano Concerto No.22 in E flat, K.482 (3rd mvt)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Don Giovanni
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Don Giovanni
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Introitus (Requiem)
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Introitus (Requiem)
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