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100 Jazz Profiles
Stan Kenton
1911 - 1979
Pianist and bandleader. Born in Wichita, Kansas, Kenton spent his teenage years in and around Los Angeles, which was to remain his principal base. He formed his first big band in 1940, and not only did it soon acquire the name 'Artistry in Rhythm Orchestra', but it had many of the characteristics of Kenton's subsequent bands.

It was a large (14 plus) group
, it used forward thinking arrangements by Kenton himself and by Pete Rugolo (from 1945), and its combination of a big modernistic sound with talented ensemble and solo work caught the public imagination, at a time when conventional swing big bands were going out of fashion.

Re-formed in 1947 as his Progressive Jazz Orchestra
and again in 1949 as the giant 43-piece Innovations In Modern Music Orchestra, Kenton's band continued to play innovative and unusual arrangements. He recruited some exceptional soloists, and even though some of his work was bombastic and pretentious, the playing of such musicians as trumpeters Maynard Ferguson, Shorty Rogers and Ernie Royal, trombonists Carl Fontana and Frank Rosolino, and saxophonists Pepper Adams, Bob Cooper, Stan Getz, and Bud Shank, meant that there was always plenty of high quality solo playing.

It is also true
that the band was substantially more popular with the public than it was with jazz critics, and this remained true of the succession of large bands Kenton led in the wake of his 'Innovations' orchestra until his death.

Kenton was an energetic man
, and a ceaseless self-publicist, and although his health failed occasionally as a consequence of the pressure of work he kept up, he became a hugely influential figure, particularly in jazz education, where his big bands became the model for school and college groups in many parts of the United States. His own playing was less important historically than his arranging and bandleading.

Further Reading:

Steven D. Harris: The Kenton Kronicles : A Biography of Modern America's Man of Music, Stan Kenton (New York, Dynaflow Publications, 1999)

Recommended CD:

Best of Stan Kenton (Blue Note 31504)
Suggested track: Artistry In Rhythm

Recommended links:

Stan Kenton
Biography, plentiful discographical information, and music links.

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