On Radio 3 Now

In Tune

16:30 - 17:30

Sean Rafferty presents a selection of music and guests from the arts world.

Next On Air

17:30 Opera on 3

View full schedule

100 Jazz Profiles
Lee Konitz
1927 - present
Saxophonist. One of the most influential alto saxophonists in the early development of modern jazz, Konitz incorporated many of the harmonic ideas of Charlie Parker into his playing. But he delivered them in a markedly different fashion, with more evenness of tone and a greater length of melodic line in his phrases.

Consequently, he was an ideal partner
for Miles Davis in the nine-piece band that developed the Birth of the Cool material, the two of them playing off one another, for example, on that band's version of 'Move', and he is generally regarded as one of the architects of 'cool' playing.

This was a style that used complex tone colours
and an even, vibratoless playing method as a way of expressing emotion, in contrast to the rasps, growls and bravura displays of 'hot' jazz. Konitz had grown up in Chicago, played in the influential Claude Thornhill band (which employed Gil Evans as its arranger, and was very important in influencing the Birth of the Cool nonet) and he worked with the influential teacher and pianist Lennie Tristano.

Pieces such as 'Subconscious-Lee'
, which he recorded in 1949 with Tristano, are excellent examples of Konitz's early style. Later he experimented in free jazz with musicians such as pianist Paul Bley. This, plus a period in Stan Kenton's band in the early 1950s, extended his range of experience and playing contexts, and he has continued to excel in all sizes of ensemble, although his most original and challenging work has been in duos, trios and quartets, particularly his regular pairing with pianist Harold Danko.

For much of the time since the mid-1960s
, Konitz has lived and worked in Europe, and he has also become popular in Japan, to the extent that his appearances in the United States have taken on considerable importance owing to their relative scarcity.

Further Reading:

Wayne Enstice and Paul Rubin: 'Lee Konitz' in Jazz Spoken Here (Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press, 1992)

Recommended CD:

Wild As Springtime (Candid 79734)
Suggested track: Ezz-Thetic

Recommended links:

Lee Konitz at All About Jazz
Interview with Konitz during one of his US visits.

Related Links
on radio 3
on bbc.co.uk
The BBC is not responsible for the content of external websites.

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.