Though inevitably a great deal has been lost, a large amount of music has come down to us from the beginnings of the written Western tradition up to the start of the Renaissance. Music associated with the church predominates. Though much is anonymous, the works of Hildegard of Bingen , an eleventh century German abbess, have become particularly admired over recent years. Less of the secular music of the age has survived, but from around 1250 there are examples of songs by troubadours and other entertainers whose traditions were primarily oral, not written.
The most important forms of the late middle ages were all French in origin and derived from the dance.
Guide to Classical Music
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Essential Guide to Classical Music
What's On Classical TV and Radio
Guide to the Orchestra
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