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Glossary

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Major
A type of
key, chord or scale. Major keys or scales are generally thought of as happier than minor keys, although the mood of a song also depends on many other elements, such as lyrics, rhythm and singing style. Examples of songs in a major key include"Going Loco Down in Acapulco", "Candle in the Wind", and "Take A Walk On The Wild Side".

Melody
 An arrangement of single
notes in a musically expressive succession. Melody is the generic term that incorporates the "tune" of a piece of music. In the Beatles tune "Hey Jude", McCartney is singing the melody – the rest of the band are the accompaniment, incorporating rhythm and harmony.

Metre
 How the
bars in music are subdivided. (See time signature)


Minor
 A type of
key, chord or scale. Minor keys or scales are generally thought of as sadder than major keys, although the mood of a song also depends on many other elements, such as lyrics, rhythm and singing style. Examples of songs in a minor key include "Billie Jean" by Michael Jackson and "Money, Money, Money" by Abba.


Modes
A series of
scales derived from Medieval church music. To simplify a complex topic, you could say each mode takes a starting note from a white key on the piano and continues up through the next seven white notes. Therefore there are seven different starting points and so we have seven modes. Folk music often has a modal quality about it ( e.g. Steeleye Span’s "Guadete" is in Aeolian Mode) but modes are also employed in jazz (Miles Davis’ "So What" is in Dorian Mode).






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