This week on the Forum: do you ever consciously talk to yourself? Maybe muttering in private what you won’t say out loud, or giving yourself a private pep talk to improve your performance, or perhaps arguing with yourself about whether to do something or not. We explore these inner monologues or dialogues, what shapes the process, and ask if they are a good thing, or can they trap us inside ourselves? British psychologist Charles Fernyhough explains why he believes the inner voice is vital in helping guide us through life and is rarely a sign of mental illness. Pakistani fiction writer Aamer Hussein writes in both Urdu and English, and explores the tension between thinking in one language and being forced to interact in another. And the American social psychologist Aleks Krotoski has been looking at how the internet affects the way we talk to ourselves. Image by Shan Pillay/ BBC
Charles Fernyhough is a psychologist whose areas of research include memory, infant behaviour and inner speech. He is one of the first scientists in modern times, to study the shapes and patterns of our inner voice. He explains how talking to ourselves determines our thoughts and our decisions, and why inner speech often takes the form of dialogue. Charles is also a novelist.
Aleks Krotoski is an American academic, and author of "Untangling the Web". She believes it is the inner voice that is always exploring ways we present ourselves to the world, and that the web has become a very good place for people to try out their different selves - so the inner voice is finding a new form of expression through digital technology. But along with this, she is also concerned about how going on line can interrupt the natural flow of the inner voice.
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Comments on the programme
I automatically start thinking and discussing with myself from the moment I wake up to the moment I fall asleep, though words dominate my mind images come and go constantly. The images I see can be illustrations for the words I think or they can be some shape from my subconscious. I seem to have no blank time while I am awake.
How do deaf and non-verbal people internalise their thoughts? How do / can they talk to themselves if they have never heard the spoken word?
With regards to inner speech, for myself I have noticed it happens in the language being used most frequently at the time. I speak 3 languages, so during holidays it would switch to my mother tongue. When back in boarding school, after a few days it would revert to the language used at school (other than my mother tongue). It happened, even if I consciously tried to avoid it.
Shah-Naz Hayat Khan
My infant language was German. I rarely use it now but
if I am in Germany for a week or more I start dreaming in German. This is very
odd when it happens.
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