Us and Them
Is it helpful to view the world as being divided along fault-lines of gender, class, race or religion? Matthew Taylor talks to anthropologist Laura Nader, who says we need to find new dialogues between the West and the Middle East that recognise our common humanity; historian David Cannadine who says that as well as studying conflict, we should explore our undivided past; and novelist Aminatta Forna, who examines the aftermath of civil war through her fiction; what about when 'them' also means 'us'?
Image: Children playing tug-of-war, Credit: Jens-Ulrich Koch/AFP/Getty Images
British historian David Cannadine, currently Dodge Professor of History at Princeton University, argues that The Undivided Past is one that has not been explored enough by historians, politicians or journalists. He believes that the attention given to conflict and clashes in human history has drowned out the parallel examples of conversation, co-operation and co-existence. He also suggests that to ask people to privilege just one of their identities, such as gender or class, over all their other identities, is divisive and damaging. Photo by Tom Miller
Laura Nader is Professor of Social Cultural Anthropology at the University of California at Berkeley. She describes herself as culturally in-between; growing up in the USA with Levantine parents, her eyes were opened to the history, literature and politics of both East and West, and this is something that she draws upon in Culture and Dignity. The book calls for a complete re-framing of dialogues between the West and the Middle East. She says that if we are ever to reach a position of mutual respect, we need to address our preconceptions and be open to learning about the culture of the Other.
Writer Aminatta Forna has set previous books in her own country of Sierra Leone, but in a new novel The Hired Man, she chooses to explore the aftermath of civil war in the Balkans, through its effects on a small group of friends in a Croatian hill town. She is interested in the seemingly small acts of betrayal that take place between neighbours, friends and even family, when they have to decide which side they are on. She says that for people who have survived a civil war, forgiveness is always possible, but forgetting is another matter.
60 second Idea to Change the World
In Next Week's Programme
Silence: Is it a route to better communication? With American planetwalker John Francis, Russian Komi artist Galya Morrell and Scottish historian Diarmaid MacCulloch.
Comments on the Programme
"Us and Them" is a topic that I start my classes with at the beginning of each term now (biology classes). I base it on the writings of Plato in his book The Republic, titled "The Analogy of the Cave." Essentially, I make the point that we are all in the so-called "cave" together. Whether we become spelunkers (just visiting the cave) or troglodytes (compelled to live in the cave) is up to each of us, and there is only "us." That is, whether we choose to become enlightened or not, about the global issues we face, is really a choice we make. It is very moving to see some students realize, as they watch, that their education should be life long lest they become a troglodyte. Keep up the good work!
Humans are best at coexistence because they are a part of nature which simply is unity in diversity. The problem is humans are not in sync with nature and we live in a subjective synthetic world steered by trying to eliminate the other to have it all.