NDM-1 is a gene which makes bacteria resistant to some of the most powerful antibiotics. A year ago hardly anyone had heard of it but now it has spread from India and Pakistan to Canada, Britain, the Netherlands, France, Sweden and Australia. New research just published in the journal Lancet Infectious Diseases, found that a group of patients with NDM-1 infections resistant to certain antibiotics could be traced back to trips to India and Pakistan, some of them for medical tourism. NDM-1 can spread easily and into other bacteria so with no new antibiotics to tackle it does its emergence spell the end for antibiotics?
The Latvian capital Riga has already become a big destination for medical tourism. There are cheap flights from other parts of Europe, the cost of living is low, and treatment costs are cheaper than in many other European countries. One clinic in Riga is branching out and offering implants for people addicted to alcohol. But are they effective. Damien McGuinness reports from the Latvian capital.
Hot on the heels of the football World Cup, Johannesburg has been inundated with people once again. This time 3000 paediatricians from 134 countries attended the World Congress of the International Paediatric Association, the first time it has taken place in sub-Saharan Africa. Claudia Hammond talks to reporter Vivienne Parry about the mood of the conference and the latest developments in childhood vaccination.
Optical illusions could make a remarkable contribution to our understanding of schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia apparently can't see this kind of visual trickery. In the future this could provide a way of testing for the condition. Claudia Hammond talks to Dr Steve Dakin from the Institute of Ophthalmology in London.