3/5 Michael Goldfarb learns about Gabriel Riesser, who was the first Jewish judge in Germany.
BBC Radio 3
2/5 Michael Goldfarb travels to Berlin and retraces the steps of philosopher Moses Mendelssohn
Dominic Arkwright charts the life of Thomas Middleton, the bad boy of Renaissance drama.
BBC Radio 4
1/3 Michael Portillo investigates the past and future of the fragile ideal that is democracy.
1/5 Michael Goldfarb visits Amsterdam to learn more about the philosopher Spinoza.
5/5 Writer Maureen Freely on the great feeling of melancholy that enveloped 1960s Istanbul.
4/5 Turkish author Moris Farhi on the mythical past of Istanbul through childhood memories.
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the Cool Universe.
3/5 Writer Jason Goodwin on 19th-century Istanbul as the inspiration for his own fiction.
2/5 Turkish author Elif Shafak casts a writer's eye over Istanbul and its many identities.
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