Gossips and Goodfellows
Social networking appears to be expanding our circles of friendship just as our sense of community is contracting: Dr Thomas Dixon presents a timely, major new history of how the meaning and experience of friendship have changed over the centuries.
Episode One: Gossips and Goodfellows
In the 16th century, friendships were generally limited to an overlapping network of family members and neighbours, who lived and worked in close proximity, and shared their lives at home, in church, at the well, the bake-house and the tavern.
Today, our friendships often extend across the globe, and our Social Networks can extend to thousands.
Thomas Dixon launches the series by talking with the anthropologist and evolutionary psychologist Robin Dunbar, whose influential research explores the number of people with whom each individual is cognitively capable of sustaining a meaningful relationship.
The newly named "Dunbar's Number" is around 140, and Thomas maps this figure onto the historical picture of village life. He speaks with historians Bernard Capp and Naomi Tadmor about close-knit, real-life friendships in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. He learns how a group of female "Gossips" supported their friend Mary Freeman when her husband accused her of giving him the pox; and about two young "Goodfellows"in 1617, who got so drunk that they pissed into a chamber pot and shared the contents.
This is the beginning of an absorbing story in which both the similarities and the differences between friendship past and present emerge.
Producer: Beaty Rubens
Presenter: historian Dr Thomas Dixon is the Director of the Centre for the History of the Emotions at Queen Mary, University of London.
Barbara Caine (ed.), Friendship: A History (Equinox, 2009)
Bernard Capp, When Gossips Meet: Women, the Family and Neighbourhood in Early Modern England (Oxford University Press, 2003)
Robin Dunbar, How Many Friends Does One Person Need? Dunbar's Number and Other Evolutionary Quirks (Faber & Faber, 2011)
Naomi Tadmor, Family and Friends in Eighteenth-Century England: Household, Kinship, and Patronage (Cambridge University Press, 2001)
Mark Vernon, The Meaning of Friendship (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)
The History Of Emotions blog
Thomas Dixon on ‘Five Hundred Years of Friendship’ at the History of Emotions Blog
Robin Dunbar, ‘Counting your friends in threes’
Mark Knights and Tessa Whitehouse, ‘Talking about friendship’
Antonella Liuzzo Scorpo, ‘Friendship in the middle ages’
Naomi Tadmor, ‘Friends and families’