History of Milk in Europe
We take history of milk for granted but, in fact, the ability to drink milk into adulthood is something that only some 35% of humans possess. Its origins lie in a genetic mutation that first began spreading through Europe some 7,500 years ago. The consequences were far-reaching – Europe's very first revolution. The hunter-gatherer lifestyle that had dominated the continent since the first arrival there of Cro-Magnon man was swept away, and an imprint stamped on diet and population that is still evident to this day. Mark Thomas has recently explored this fusion of genetics and archaeology and an article in Nature Magazine pulls together all the work that's been done on this.
We explore the role played by Dumbo, Bambi and Pluto in the Allied invasion of France in 1944. It's widely thought that this network of pipelines successfully delivered fuel to the Allies after the invasion of France. But, Making History listener Tim Whittle who worked on the Government's Pipeline and Storage System for over 20 years, thinks not. He has established that only 8% of the fuel the invasion forces needed came through the PLUTO pipelines and that they didn't really work properly until VE Day on 1945. Dr Robert Liddiard from UEA went to hear the evidence.
(Photo credits: PLUTO pipelines - by Dr Robert Liddiard)
The Second Poor
Making History listener Charles Cook has recently been elected to Minety Parish Council in Wiltshire and the documentary evidence from its past fascinates him. In particular, he is intrigued by the enigmatic phrase: ‘the Second Poor’ which he has found in the records of a parish charity. Helen Castor and historian Dr Samantha Shave from the University of Cambridge went to meet him.
Dr Shave explained that the Second Poor really refers to what might also be known as the deserving poor, i.e. those people of good behaviour and the right values who might qualify for extra welfare from a charity as well as from Poor Relief.
An example of how Poor Relief worked in a parish can be found in the village of Rooksbridge in Somerset.
(Photo: Minety Second Poor - LtoR Dr Samantha Shave, Helen Castor and Charles Cook at Minety church. © Nick Patrick)
First World War BiblesDo you have a bible from the First World War? The Bible Society is trying to trace some of the thousands it gave to troops between 1914 and 1918 in a project that will assess how they were used, what part faith played in the conflict and what they can tell us about the experience of soldiers.
Making History explores ordinary people's links with the past. The programme is presented by Helen…