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Jihad

The First World War Episode 4 of 10

The Ottoman Empire, Germany's ally, summoned all Muslims to Jihad - holy war - to overthrow Allied power in the Middle East. Turkey's search for scapegoats after defeat by the Russians at Sarakamish led to the mass-deportation of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire. Perhaps 800,000 Armenians died in all. The Allies initially thought Turkey - the 'sick man of Europe' - would be a pushover, but Turkey tied up Allied troops across the Middle East for four years, winning triumphantly at Gallipoli with terrible losses on both sides, and then at Kut, south of Baghdad, forcing the British into humiliating surrender.

50 minutes

Last on

Tue 11 Mar 2014 22:00

Credits

Role Contributor
NarratorJonathan Lewis
ProducerJonathan Lewis
Executive ProducerAlan Clements

World War One at the BBC

World War 1 - BBC

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The Great War Interviews

The Great War Interviews

A collection of interviews with World War One veterans and civilians