Marine Conservation Zones
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) describe a wide range of marine areas which have some level of restriction to protect living, non-living, cultural, and/or historic resources. In the UK, MPAs have primarily been set up to help conserve marine biodiversity, in particular species and habitats of European and national importance.
The main types of MPA in the English waters are Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) for habitats of European importance and Special Protection Areas (SPAs) for birds (also known as Natura 2000, or N2K sites).
The MCZ Project consisted of four regional MCZ projects covering the south-west (Finding Sanctuary), Irish Sea (Irish Sea Conservation Zones), North Sea (Net Gain) and south-east (Balanced Seas). These regional MCZ projects worked with sea users and interest groups to identify MCZs within their regions and in September 2011 submitted their recommendations to JNCC, Natural England and the Science Advisory Panel.
Ministers have examined all the advice and evidence and are proposing that up to 31 sites are suitable for designation in the first tranche in 2013. These proposals are set out in the public consultation launched on 13 December 2012, and closing midnight on 31 March 2013.
Image courtesy of DEFRA
It is the responsibility of Public Authorities to implement any necessary management measures once MCZs are designated by Government.