Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Borgias, the most notorious family in Renaissance Italy. Famed for their treachery and corruption, the Borgias produced two popes during their time of dominance in Rome in the late 15th century. The most well-known of these two popes is Alexander VI, previously Cardinal Rodrigo Borgia. He was accused of buying votes to elect him to the papacy and openly promoted his children in positions of power. Rodrigo's daughter, Lucrezia, is widely remembered as a ruthless poisoner; his son, Cesare, as a brutal soldier.
Murder, intrigue and power politics characterised their rule, but many of the stories now told about their depraved behaviour and evil ways emerged after their demise and gave rise to the so-called 'Black Legend'. The sullied reputation of the Borgia dynasty endures even today and their lives have provided a major theme for plays, novels and over forty films.
Professor of Renaissance Studies at Queen Mary, University of London
Lecturer in Public History at the University of Sheffield
Honorary Research Fellow at Swansea University
Producer: Natalia Fernandez.
Maria Bellonci, ‘Lucrezia Borgia’ (Phoenix, 2000)
Sarah Bradford, ‘Cesare Borgia: His Life and Times’ (Phoenix, 2001)
Sarah Bradford, ‘Lucrezia Borgia: Life, Love and Death in Renaissance Italy’ (Penguin Books, 2005)
Johannes Burchardus, ‘Pope Alexander VI and His Court: Extracts from the Latin Diary of Johannes Burchardus’ (Bibliolife, 2009)
Paula Findlen (ed.), ‘The Italian Renaissance: The Essential Readings’ (Wiley-Blackwell, 2002)
Christopher Hibbert, ‘The House of Borgia’ (Constable, 2009)
Mary Hollingsworth, ‘The Borgia Chronicles: 1414-1572’ (Metro Books, 2011)
Niccolò Machiavelli, ‘The Prince’ (Oxford World Classics, 1984)
Michael Mallett, ‘The Borgias: The Rise and Fall of the Most Infamous Family in History’ (Academy Chicago Publishers, 2005)
John M. Najemy (ed.), ‘Italy in the Age of the Renaissance: 1300-1550’ (Oxford University Press, 2004)
Evelyn Welch, ‘Art in Renaissance Italy: 1350-1500’ (Oxford Paperbacks, 2000)