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George Fox and the Quakers

Duration:
45 minutes
First broadcast:
Thursday 05 April 2012

Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the origins of Quakerism. In the mid-seventeenth century an itinerant preacher, George Fox, became the central figure of a group known as the Religious Society of Friends, whose members believed it was possible to obtain contact with Christ without priestly intercession.

The Quakers, as they became known, rejected the established Church and what they saw as the artificial pomp and artifice of its worship. They argued for religious toleration and for the equality of men and women. Persecuted for many years, particularly after the Restoration of Charles II in 1660, the Quakers survived to become an influential religious group, known for their pacifism and philanthropy.

With:

Justin Champion
Professor of the History of Early Modern Ideas at Royal Holloway, University of London

John Coffey
Professor of Early Modern History at the University of Leicester

Kate Peters
Fellow in History at Murray Edwards College at the University of Cambridge.

Producer: Thomas Morris.

  • FURTHER READING

    W. C. Braithwaite, ‘The Beginnings of Quakerism’ (2nd edition revised by Henry Cadbury, Cambridge, 1955)

    Pink Dandelion, ‘The Quakers: A Very Short Introduction’ (Oxford University Press, 2008)

    Adrian Davies, ‘The Quakers in English Society 1655-1725’ (Oxford University Press, 2000)

    Christopher Hill, ‘The World Turned Upside Down: Radical Ideas During the English Revolution’ (Penguin, 1991)

    Hilary Hinds, ‘George Fox and Early Quaker Culture’ (Manchester, 2011)

    Phyllis Mack, ‘Visionary Women: Ecstatic Prophecy in Seventeenth-Century England’ (University of California Press, 1992)

    J. F. McGregor and Barry Reay (eds.), ‘Radical Religion in the English Revolution’ (Oxford, 1984)

    Rosemary Moore, ‘The Light in Their Consciences: Early Quakers in Britain, 1646-1666’ (Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000)

    Geoffrey Nuttall, ‘The Holy Spirit in Puritan Faith and Experience’ (2nd edn, University of Chicago Press, 1992)

    Kate Peters, ‘Print Culture and the Early Quakers’ (Cambridge, 2005)

    Barry Reay, ‘The Quakers and the English Revolution’ (Palgrave Macmillan, 1985)

    Nigel Smith (ed.), ‘George Fox: The Journal’ (Penguin Books, 1998)

    Christine Trevett, ‘Women and Quakerism in the 17th Century’ (William Sessions Limited, 1992)

    T. L. Underwood, ‘Primitivism, Radicalism, and the Lamb's War: the Baptist-Quaker Conflict in Seventeenth-Century England’ (Oxford University Press, 1997)

    Bonnelyn Young Kunze, ‘Margaret Fell and the Rise of Quakerism’ (Stanford University Press, 1994)

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