The Royal Collection is one of the most wide-ranging collections of art and artefacts in the world and provides an intriguing insight into the minds of the monarchs who assembled it.
In this series, BBC Arts Editor Will Gompertz encounters dozens of these unique objects - some priceless, others no more than souvenirs - each shedding light on our relationship with the monarchy and giving a glimpse into the essential ingredients of a successful sovereign.
In this programme, Will uses five objects to investigate a pivotal aspect of the art of monarchy - the projection of magnificence. An idea as old as monarchy itself, magnificence is the expression of power through the display of wealth and status. Will's first object unites our current Queen with George III; the Gold State Coach, which has been used for coronations since 1821. Built for George III in 1762, it reflects Britain's new found glory in its richly gilded carvings and painted panels...but the glory was to be short lived.
Will goes on to explore Henry VIII's taste for interior design at Hampton Court Palace, with the enormous Abraham Tapestries - a symbol of Henry's personal self-belief but also a post-Reformation statement to his rival the Pope. Charles II's preoccupations are given unlikely form in a silver table now held at Windsor Castle, whilst Sir Christopher Wren's designs for Hampton Court have an unusually egalitarian purpose.
The idea of magnificence might seem one-dimensional - but encoded into the jewels, the gilding, the silver and the marble are stories of political intrigue and personal paranoia.
Prod: Neil George.
The Gold State Coach
The Gold State Coach designed by Sir William Chambers (1723-1796), made by Samuel Butler, with carvings by Joseph Wilton (1722-1803), painted decoration by G.B. Cipriani (1727-1785). The Gold State Coach has been used for every Coronation since 1762 and, in the present reign, has also appeared at the Silver and Golden Jubilees.
From: England. Made for the Coronation of George III (1738-1820)
Material: Carved and gilded walnut, ash and oak; and iron
Size: 4050 x 7200 x 2600 mm
The Abraham Tapestries
The Abraham Tapestries, probably designed and woven in Antwerp. A series of ten tapestries depicting the principal events of the life of the Prophet Abraham, as told in the Old Testament. The tapestries were used at the Coronations of all subsequent Tudor and Stuart monarchs.
From: The Netherlands. Acquired by Henry VIII
Material: Silk and gilt-wrapped thread
Size: 5620 x 8820 mm
Silver table made for Charles II
Silver table made for Charles II (1630-85). Charles II commissioned silver furniture to rival the glories the court of Louis XIV (1638-1715) at Versailles.
From: England. Made for Charles II (1630-85)
Material: Chased and embossed silver on an oak frame
Size: 870 x 1060 x 700 mm
An Exact Prospect of Hampton Court
An Exact Prospect of Hampton Court, an etching by Sutton Nicholls (fl.1680-1740). William III (1650-1702) and Mary II (1662-1694) commissioned Sir Christopher Wren (1623-1723) to design a magnificent new eastern façade for Hampton Court Palace. This print is a plate from 'Prospects of the Most Considerable Buildings About London', published in 1725.
Date: c. 1700
Size: 520 x 613 mm
Imperial State Crown
Imperial State Crown, made by Rundell Bridge & Rundell. This is the crown worn by the Sovereign on leaving Westminster Abbey after the Corononation and, on such occasions as the State Opening of Parliament.
From: England. Made for King George VI
Material: Gold, silver, diamonds and other precious stones
Size: 315 mm high
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