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The Eternal City

Duration:
1 hour, 15 minutes
First broadcast:
Sunday 21 August 2011

Sian Phillips and Peter Marinker with words and music about everyday life in Ancient Rome including texts by Pliny, Juvenal, Dickens, Henry James, Mark Twain, W.H Auden & Kipling. And music by Wagner, Carl Orff, Nino Rota, Stephen Sondheim, John Williams, Respighi, Allegri, Berlioz, Britten and Puccini.

Music Played

29 items
Timings (where shown) are from the start of the programme in hours and minutes
  • Joachim du Bellay, trans. Edmund Spenser

    Who List the Roman Greatness Forth to Figure (Ruins of Rome No 26), reader Sian Phillips

  • Image for Richard Wagner
    00:00

    Richard Wagner Richard Wagner - Overture from 'Rienzi'

    Performer: London Classical Players, Roger Norrington (conductor)

    EMI, CDC 5-55479-2 Tr 1

  • Image for Luigi Rossi
    00:02

    Luigi Rossi Passacaille del seigneur Luigi

    Performer: Andrew Lawrence-King (double harp)

    Das Alte Werk, 2564-694555 Tr4

  • Pliny, trans. John B. Firth

    The Letters of Pliny the Younger Series 1/Vol 1/Letter XV/To Septicius Clarus, reader Peter Marinker

  • Image for Carl Orff
    00:05

    Carl Orff Catulli Carmina (excerpt)

    Performer: Lothar Odinius (tenor), Linz Mozart Choir, Munich Radio Orchestra, Franz Welser-Möst (conductor)

    EMI, CDC 5-55517-2 Tr2

  • Edgar Saltus

    Imperial Purple from Conjectural Rome (excerpt), reader Sian Phillips

  • Image for Richard Wagner, arr. Henk De Vlieger
    00:08

    Richard Wagner, arr. Henk De Vlieger Valhalla from 'The Ring - An Orchestral Adventure'

    Performer: Netherlands Radio Philharmonic Orchestra, Edo De Waart (conductor)

    Challenge Classics, CC-72338 Tr 4

  • Juvenal, trans. George Gilbert Ramsay

    Satire 4 (excerpt), reader Peter Marinker

  • Image for Nino Rota
    00:13

    Nino Rota La Dolce Vita - music for the film (excerpt)

    Performer: Prague City Philharmonic Orchestra, Kenneth Alwyn (conductor)

    Silva Screen, Film CD 180 Tr 10

  • Image for Nino Rota
    00:13

    Nino Rota La Dolce Vita - music for the film (excerpt)

    Performer: Prague City Philharmonic Orchestra, Kenneth Alwyn (conductor)

    Silva Screen, Film CD 180 Tr 10

  • Image for Nino Rota
    00:16

    Nino Rota La Dolce Vita - music for the film (excerpt)

    Performer: Prague City Philharmonic Orchestra, Kenneth Alwyn (conductor)

    Silva Screen, Film CD 180 Tr 10

  • Image for Stephen Sondheim
    00:17

    Stephen Sondheim A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum

    Performer: Frankie Howerd, Isla Blair, John Rye (vocals), Studio Orchestra, Alyn Ainsworth (conductor)

    EMI, 7 89060 2 Tr 7

  • Baroness Orczy

    Unto Caesar (excerpt), reader Sian Phillips

  • Image for Miklós Rózsa
    00:22

    Miklós Rózsa Miklós Rózsa - Parade of the Charioteers from 'Ben-Hur - music for the film'

    Performer: Prague City Philharmonic Orchestra, Kenneth Alwyn (conductor)

    Silva Screen, Film Cd 180 Tr 16

  • Image for Tom Williams
    00:28

    Tom Williams Jaws - music for the film (excerpt)

    Performer: Prague City Philharmonic Orchestra, Paul Bateman (conductor)

    Silva Screen, Film CD 180 CD 2 Tr 10

  • Image for Ottorino Respighi
    00:29

    Ottorino Respighi Pini presso una catacomba from 'The Pines of Rome' (excerpt)

    Performer: New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli (conductor)

    Deutsche Grammophon, 4375342 Tr 6

  • Vernon Lee

    The Spirit of Rome: The Catacombs (excerpt), reader Peter Marinker

  • Image for Gregorio Allegri
    00:36

    Gregorio Allegri Miserere Mei Deus (excerpt)

    Performer: The Sixteen, Harry Christophers (conductor)

    Coro, Cor-16014 Tr 3

  • Charles Dickens

    Pictures from Italy (excerpt), reader Sian Phillips

  • Image for Hector Berlioz
    00:41

    Hector Berlioz Overture from 'A Roman Carnival'

    Performer: Dresden State Orchestra, Sir Colin Davis (conductor)

    RCA, 09026 -68790-2 Tr 4

  • Henry James

    Italian Hours: A Roman Holiday (excerpt), reader Peter Marinker

  • Mark Twain

    The Innocents Abroad (excerpt), reader Sian Phillips

  • Image for Benjamin Britten
    00:53

    Benjamin Britten Veggio co'bei vostri occhi un dolce lume from '7 Sonnets of Michelangelo'

    Performer: Benjamin Britten (piano), Peter Pears (tenor)

    Decca, 425 996-2 Tr 11

  • Image for Giacomo Puccini
    00:56

    Giacomo Puccini Act 3 Prelude from 'Tosca'

    Performer: Walter Baratti (treble), National Philharmonic Orchestra, Nicola Rescigno (conductor)

    Decca, 414-036-2 CD 2 Tr 13

  • Fernando Pessoa

    Antinous (excerpt), reader Peter Marinker

  • Image for Nino Rota
    01:06

    Nino Rota La tromba di Polydor from 'La Dolce Vita - music for the film'

    Performer: La Scala Philharmonic Orchestra, Riccardo Muti (conductor)

    Sony, 63359 Tr 10

  • W. H. Auden

    Roman Wall Blues, reader Sian Phillips

  • Rudyard Kipling

    The Roman Centurion's Song, reader Peter Marinker

  • Image for Ottorino Respighi
    01:08

    Ottorino Respighi I pini della Via Appia from 'The Pines of Rome'

    Performer: New York Philharmonic Orchestra, Giuseppe Sinopoli (conductor)

    Deutsche Grammophon, 4375342 Tr 8

  • Sian Phillips

    Sian Phillips

  • Producer's Note

    This programme aims to conjure up everyday life in ancient Rome through the eyes of authors both ancient and modern. Below I have sketched in some of the reasons for my music choices.

    Bellay’s poem describes the heroic grandeur of Rome. And no one does heroic grandeur better than Wagner whose first operatic success, Rienzi, was set in Rome.

    Our first ancient Roman author, Pliny, is known for his colourful and gossipy letters which give us a vivid account of everyday life in the capital. Here he berates a friend for standing him up for supper and proceeds to list the opulent dishes that he would have been served.

    Catullus wrote some of the most erotic and sensual poetry in Latin or any other language. The Carl Orff extract starts with a famous two-line poem that encapsulates the agony and ecstasy of love – and has never been improved upon:

    Odi et amo. quare id faciam, fortasse requiris?
    nescio, sed fieri sentio et excrucior.

    I hate and I love. Why do I do it, perhaps you might ask?
    I don't know, but I feel it happening to me and I'm burning up.

    The American Edgar Saltus wrote highly refined prose in the style of Oscar Wilde. Here he conjures up a late Romantic vision of Roman luxury and decadence. Cue Wagner again, whose vision of a flawed and meretricious Valhalla could also describe the Rome of Augustus.

    The final Latin poet in this section is the scabrous Juvenal whose Satires pull no punches. The misogynistic 4th Satire is a larger-than-life take on Roman womanhood.

    Nina Rota’s score to Fellini’s film, La Dolce Vita, captures the self-indulgent, glittery world of Rome in the 1950s, and seems to fit the sleazy tone of the Juvenal.

    Stephen Sondheim and Frankie Howerd satirize this outdated male view of women in the musical, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum.

    The Baroness Orczy is another period piece. She made her name with historical fiction that is both racy and melodramatic. In this extract she describes the gruesome scene where Caligula’s pet panther is let lose on a couple of Christians in the amphitheatre. She paces the action with a cinematic technique that cries out for the Technicolor pageantry of Miklos Rosza (Ben-Hur) and the blood-chilling double-basses of John Williams (Jaws).

    After the kill, we descend into the catacombs where Vernon Lee describes the emptiness and desolation he feels contemplating the remains of Rome’s early Christians.

    A brief diversion into tourist mode. First up, Dickens who is distinctly underwhelmed by St Peter’s but curiously moved by the ruins of the Coliseum.

    Henry James is disappointed that Roman Carnivals just aren’t what they used to be. And Mark Twain has had it up to here with Michelangelo.

    For me the piece of music that conjures up Rome more than any other comes in the brief orchestral Prelude to Act 3 of Puccini’s Tosca. As dawn breaks over Castel Sant’Angelo (aka the Mausoleum of Hadrian) a shepherd boy sings of love as the bells of Rome ring for matins. Puccini is very particular in the score about the different sizes of off-stage bells to be used at various points in the music. And this famous Decca recording captures it perfectly.

    The melancholy mood of the Puccini leads us into the rain-sodden meditation of the Emperor Hadrian as he weeps over the corpse of his lover the impossibly handsome and epicene Antinous.

    Hadrian leads to thoughts of “Rome” being a political concept that extends well beyond modern Italy. At Hadrian’s Wall, Auden’s soldier makes the familiar complaint about British weather. By contrast, Kipling’s centurion is sad to be called back to Rome.

    The programme ends with Respighi’s epic soundscape in which he describes the Roman legions marching back to Rome along the Appian Way.

    Clive Portbury (producer)

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