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The Battle of Bannockburn

Duration:
45 minutes
First broadcast:
Thursday 03 February 2011

Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the Battle of Bannockburn.

On June 23rd 1314, Scottish forces under their king Robert the Bruce confronted a larger army commanded by the English monarch Edward II at Bannockburn. It was the culmination of a war of independence which had been going on since the English had invaded Scotland in 1296. After eighteen years of intermittent fighting the English had been all but expelled from Scotland: their last stronghold was the castle at Stirling.

The Scots won a decisive victory at Bannockburn. The English were routed and their king narrowly escaped capture. Although it took a further 14 years for Scotland to achieve full independence with the 1328 Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, this was an important triumph; today it remains one of the most discussed moments in the nation's history.

With:

Matthew Strickland
Professor of Medieval History at the University of Glasgow

Fiona Watson
Honorary Research Fellow in History at the University of Dundee

Michael Brown
Reader in History at the University of St Andrews

Producer: Thomas Morris.

  • FURTHER READING

    D. Cornell, 'Bannockburn' (New Haven and London: Yale, 2009)

    D. Cornell, 'The Triumph of Robert the Bruce' (Yale University Press, 2009)

    M. Brown, 'Bannockburn: The Scottish War and the British Isles, 1307-1323' (Edinburgh University Press, 2008)

    G. W. S. Barrow, 'Robert the Bruce and the Community of the Realm of Scotland' (4th edn, Edinburgh, 2005)

    Roy Martin Haines, 'King Edward II' (McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003)

    C. McNamee, 'The Wars of the Bruces: Scotland, England and Ireland, 1306-1328' (East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 1997)

    S. Philips, 'Edward II' (New Haven and London: Yale, 2010)

    M. Prestwich, 'Edward I' (New Haven and London, 1997)

    F. Watson, 'Under the Hammer: Edward I and Scotland, 1296-1307' (East Linton: Tuckwell Press)

    John Barbour, 'The Bruce', ed. and trans. A. A. M. Duncan (Edinburgh: Canongate, 1997)

    M. Prestwich, 'Armies and Warfare in the Middle Ages: The English Experience' (New Haven and London: Yale, 1996)

    J. F. Verbruggen, 'The Art of Warfare in Western Europe During the Middle Ages' (2nd edn., Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

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