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Britten's Billy Budd

3 hours, 30 minutes
First broadcast:
Saturday 25 September 2010

From this summer's Festival, a first for Glyndebourne: a new production of Benjamin Britten's Billy Budd, based on Herman Melville's allegorical tale of good versus evil on board an 18th century warship. Jacques Imbrailo sings Budd, a young foretopman whose beauty and goodness makes him immediately popular with the crew. But those same qualities also draw a strong reaction from the Master at Arms, John Claggart, and feelings he would rather leave repressed. John Mark Ainsley sings Captain Vere, whose fateful decision on board haunts him for the rest of his life.

Andrew McGregor talks to director Michael Grandage about his operatic debut, and to Mark Elder who is also conducting Budd for the first time.

Captain Vere ..... John Mark Ainsley (tenor)
Billy Budd ..... Jacques Imbrailo (baritone)
Claggart ..... Phillip Ens (bass)
Mr. Redburn ..... Iain Paterson (bass)
Mr. Flint ..... Matthew Rose (bass)
Lieutenant Ratcliffe ..... Darren Jeffery (bass)
Red Whiskers ..... Alasdair Elliott (tenor)
Donald ..... John Moore (baritone)
Dansker ..... Jeremy White (bass)
The Novice ..... Ben Johnson (tenor)
Squeak ..... Colin Judson (tenor)
Bosun ..... Richard Mosley-Evans (baritone)

The Glyndebourne Chorus
London Philharmonic Orchestra
Mark Elder, conductor.

  • Jacques Imbrailo as Billy Budd

    Jacques Imbrailo as Billy Budd

    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Billy Budd and Sailors

    Billy Budd and Sailors

    Jacuqes Imbrailo as Billy Budd with members of Glyndebourne Chorus as sailors.
    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Sailors prepare for repelling the French

    Sailors prepare for repelling the French

    Members of Glyndebourne Chorus as sailors.
    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Philip Ens as Claggart and John Mark Ainsley as Captain Vere

    Philip Ens as Claggart and John Mark Ainsley as Captain Vere

    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Claggart accuses Billy

    Claggart accuses Billy

    Left to right - John Mark Ainsley as Captain Vere; Jacques Imbrailo as Billy Budd and Philip Ens as Claggart.
    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Execution of Billy Budd

    Execution of Billy Budd

    Jacques Imbrailo as Billy Budd.
    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Execution of Billy Budd

    Jacques Imbrailo as Billy Budd.
    Photo: ©Alastair Muir

  • Prologue

    Captain Vere, an old man, is haunted by a moment in his life when he was tested and found wanting.

  • Act I - Scene I

    On board HMS Indomitable, a British man-of-war,
    during the French wars of 1797

    Parties of seamen are at work. A novice seaman collides accidentally with the Bosun and later slips on the deck; the Bosun orders him to be flogged. A boarding party returns from a passing merchant ship, the Rights o’ Man, with three men impressed for naval service. John Claggart, Master-at-Arms, interviews the men. Only the last, Billy Budd, pleases the officers: he is a strong and enthusiastic sailor
    whose one defect is an occasional stammer. He affects the men as well with a joyful welcome to his new life and an impassioned farewell to the Rights o’ Man. Misunderstanding his farewell for a revolutionary declaration, the officers are alarmed and order all hands below.

    Claggart, responsible for discipline, is told to keep an eye on Billy. He sets his corporal, Squeak, to watch and harass him. The Novice returns from the flogging. The new recruits, appalled
    by the sight, are assured by Donald and Dansker that no one can escape his share of punishment. They warn against Claggart while showing their devotion to Captain Vere. Billy is attracted to
    the goodness of Vere and, along with the other men, swears to die for him if necessary.

  • Act I - Scene 2 - Captain Vere’s cabin, a week later

    Vere is reading alone at night. He sends for two officers to share a drink with him. They discuss the recent naval mutinies at Spithead and the Nore. Vere discounts their fears about Billy’s influence on the men, who are heard singing below decks. Another officer arrives to announce that enemy land has been sighted.

  • Act I - Scene 3 - Below decks, the same evening

    The men are off-duty and singing sea shanties. Billy discovers Squeak meddling with his kit-bag and they fight until Squeak is disarmed. Claggart arrives, has Squeak arrested and congratulates Billy. The men turn in for the night.Claggart, alone, reveals his determination to destroy Billy. He forces the Novice to try and bribe Billy into leading a mutiny.

    Billy wakes from a dream of drowning to hear the Novice’s proposal. In his fury at the idea of mutiny he can only stammer; the Novice runs away. Dansker realizes that Claggart is behind it all, but Billy refuses to believe him, looking forward instead to promotion.

  • Act II - Scene 1 - Some days later

    Mist surrounds the ship. Claggart begins telling Vere that there is a dangerous seaman aboard, when a French ship is sighted. The crew are called to action stations, a shot is fired, but the wind
    fails, the mist returns and the chase is abandoned. Claggart returns to Vere; he accuses Billy of planning a mutiny. Vere, disbelieving him, orders both men to his cabin.

  • Act II - Scene 2 - Captain’s Vere’s cabin, a few minutes later

    Billy arrives expecting promotion, only to be confronted by Claggart’s false accusation of inciting mutiny. Finding himself unable to speak to defend himself, Billy hits out and Claggart falls dead. Vere is horrified. Sending Billy into an adjoining room, he summons his officers to an immediate trial, knowing that the penalty for striking a superior officer is death. Billy is brought before the drumhead court martial. Aware of the injustice of the death sentence in this instance, the officers appeal to Vere for guidance; he refuses to advise them and they reluctantly resolve that Billy should be hanged at dawn. Vere knows that he could have saved Billy. He goes to tell him the verdict.

  • Act II - Scene 3 - The next morning, shortly before dawn

    Billy awaits his execution; Dansker brings him food and drink.

  • Act II - Scene 4 - On deck, four o’clock the same morning

    The crew assemble to witness the hanging. Billy’s final words are ‘Starry Vere, God bless you!’, a shout which is echoed by the crew. But after the hanging they turn on the officers in anger and
    resentment. When they are ordered below, their rebellion subsides into sullen obedience.

  • Epilogue

    Vere, an old man, knows he has failed Billy and himself: he could have saved him. He receives Billy’s last words as a kind of benediction, redeeming him at the last.

    © Glyndebourne Opera


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