On 22 October 2010 the KB Star awarded to Nelson will go up for auction. It is the only piece of Nelson insignia remaining in private hands; most of Nelson's medals were famously stolen from the Painted Hall, Greenwich in December 1900.The 1805 Club
Rear-Admiral Nelson (as he then was) was invested as a Knight of the Order of the Bath by
King George III in September 1797. The award recognised the important role played by
Nelson at the victory of the Battle of Cape St. Vincent (14 February 1797), after which he
lost his right arm at Santa Cruz, Tenerife.
The silver, gold and enamel KB Star now offered was worn on formal occasions and is
shown in official portraits. In 1814 Nelson's brother, William, who had inherited his Orders and
titles, gave the Star to Admiral Sir Richard Goodwin Keats, KB. Keats, who had been one of
Nelson's closest friends and confidants, had a long and distinguished naval career and
numerous honours of his own. The Star is engraved on the reverse with a presentation
inscription and is accompanied by a letter in the hand of William Nelson.
To find out more about Nelson, his medals and the infamous robbery in 1900 Making History once again teamed up with our resident polar historian and maritime expert, Dr Huw Lewis-Jones. With his Nelson hat on, Dr Lewis-Jones is Editor of The Trafalgar Chronicle, the well-respected annual maritime history journal. He is also serves on the council of the 1805 Club, the charity devoted to conserving maritime memorials and furthering research into all aspects of the Georgian sailing navy.
For those interested in Nelson, Huw recommends you look up the 1805 Club at its website (www.1805club.org) to find out more about their events and ongoing work. Direct enquires about Nelson's Bath Star may be addressed to the auction house:
Morton & Eden,
45 Maddox Street,
The sale, at 2 pm on Friday October 22, will be held at:
34-35 New Bond Street,
A printed auction catalogue will be available one month prior to the sale. The Star will also be on exhibition at Sotheby's as follows: October 18 (12 noon to 4.30 pm); October 19-21 (9 am to 4.30 pm); October 22 (9 am to 12 noon)
Guest: Dr Huw Lewis-Jones
Having finally decided to make a move from Cambridge University earlier this year, Huw is now living down by the sea in Cornwall, but you can discover more about some of his exciting projects at his website (www.polarworld.co.uk).Dr Huw Lewis-Jones
The Halsted Riots of 1816
Making History listener John Miners contacted the programme to tell us about a community history project in Halsted, Essex which seeks to tell the story of the 1816 riots which were a precursor to the Captain Swing uprising of 1830. John and his musician friends formed a group called Riotous Assembly to research these riots and put together a kind of folk opera which has now been released on CD.By a Flash and a Scare
Dr John Archer, an Honorary Fellow of Edge Hill University near Liverpool and the author of “By a Flash and a Scare” which examines rural protest in East Anglia at this time, he explained that the 1816 riots were the result of a number of factors coming together: the drop in wheat prices at the end of the Napoleonic wars; the return of rural labouring men who had once worked on farms and then gone to fight; and the advent of the threshing machine. These combined led to unemployment rates of nearly 50% in some of the towns and villages along the Essex/Suffolk border. There were 5 days of protests in Halsted and the cavalry had to be called to put an end to it. In later years, throughout East Anglia, straw ricks and threshing machines were torched by labourers who saw machines taking their jobs.
By a Flash and a Scare,
Dr John Archer
Published by Breviary Stuff.
The classic text on this topic can be found in libraries:
Bread or Blood,
A Study of the Agrarian Riots in East Anglia in 1816,
By A J peacock with a foreword by E P Thompson. Published by Victor Gollancz in 1965.
The Battle of Pinkie
On the 10th September 1547, Somerset’s army clashed with the Scots at Pinkie near Musselburgh a few miles to the east of Edinburgh. Making History listener Andrew Coulson has been researching the battle and wonders why few people know about it?Maps of the Battle of Pinkie available at the Bodlian Library web site
Vanessa met up with Andrew and historian Dr Fiona Watson at Pinkie to find out more and discovered that Pinkie is notable for more than one reason: it was the last time an independent Scotland fought the English; it was the first modern battle and it produced the first modern map.
The Battle of Pinkie was part of the English plan to force Scots to accept its rule by arranging a marriage between Edward and Mary who were but children. This policy is known as the Rough Wooing and in 1547 Edward’s ‘protector’, the Duke of Somerset (Edward Seymour), led an army into Scotland to force the issue.
The Battle of Pinkie led to a humiliating defeat for the Scots who, despite perhaps having a larger force, faced a new style of warfare that the English had imported from the Continent in the form of small arms or what we would call rifles.
The events of the day were captured by drawings made at the time which turned up about 100 years ago at the Bodleian Library in Oxford which Map Librarian Nick Millea showed Making History’s Lizz Pearson.
There is also a contemporary print which was known only from a lithograph copy published by the Bannatyne Club in 1824. The Editor of this publication claimed that the copy was made from a sixteenth century engraving which no one had seen since - until 2003 when a print turned up in a country house sale and was bought for the nation by the British Library.
Peter Barber, the British Library’s Map Librarian, noted a likeness between the Pinkie drawings and the panoramas that Henry VIII had produced during the siege of Boulogne which, as he told Making History the other year, are a great example of early decorative propaganda and he thinks the map is not only the first copper-plate map to be made in the UK but was based on the drawings that turned up in the Bodleian.
The Englishe victore agaynste the Schottes by Muskelbroghe 1547 (C) The British Library
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