The Beginning of Science and Literature (1500 - 700 BC)
The development of cities and states in different parts of the world had many important consequences. Two of these were the world’s earliest written literature and the development of scientific and mathematical knowledge. These states often fought each other, and rulers sought to demonstrate their success and power over their subjects through the creation of impressive monuments. Early societies did not exist in isolation, but were connected through extensive trade networks by road and also by sea. Although the majority of the world’s population lived in small villages, these people were also capable of creating sophisticated objects, monuments and cultures.
WHERE THESE OBJECTS WERE FOUND
16 Flood TabletBrowse all the British Museum objects on the A History of the World
17 Rhind Mathematical Papyrus
18 Minoan Bull Leaper
19 Mold Gold Cape
20 Statue of Ramesses II