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22/06/2009

Tha litir bheag na seachdain-sa aig Ruaraidh MacIllEathain. This week's short letter for learners is introduced by Ruaraidh MacLean.

5 minutes

Last on

Mon 22 Jun 2009 19:00

An Litir Bheag 216

Thàinig leabhar beag a-mach o chionn ghoirid – The Cromarty Fisherfolk Dialect. Tha e mu dheidhinn dual-chainnt nan iasgairean ann an Cromba. ’S e dualchainnt de dh’Albais a tha anns an dualchainnt sin. Tha dìreach dithis aig a bheil i gu fileanta an-diugh. Tha cuid de na faclan coltach ri faclan ann an dualchainntean eile de dh’Albais. Mar eisimpleir, bauchles (seann slioparan), belligut (neach sanntach), agus guloot (fear a tha gròt a dhìth an tastain). Agus tha faclan aca nach eil ann an dualchainntean eile; mar eisimpleir sallikatazaar a tha a’ ciallachadh “deillseag”. Ach bha Cromba air a chuairteachadh le Gàidheil. Agus tha faclan ann an dualchainnt nan iasgairean a thàinig bhon Ghàidhlig. Mar eisimp-leir, amitan (a fool), boddach (old man), buss (a mouth), callach (old woman) agus cootyach (family group, company or clan). Bidh sibh ag aithneachadh nam faclan amadan, bodach, bus, cailleach agus cuideachd. Seo feadhainn eile: doorcans (fir cones used to smoke fish), dossan (fringe, forelock), gob (the opening or mouth of a receptacle), laroch (a house site), ropach (untidy), agus spatyel (grand or well-dressed). Bidh sibh ag aithneachadh nam faclan Gàidhlig durcan, dosan, gob, làrach, robach agus spaideal. ’S e am facal a bha aca orra fhèin Croompach – sin cuideigin à Cromba. Thàinig sin bhon Ghàidhlig Crombach. Agus bha iad ag ràdh Ballachalls ris na daoine à Inbhir Pheofharain. ’S e Baile a’ Chàil seann ainm Gàidhlig air Inbhir Pheofharain. Bha seann tobar ann an Cromba. ’S e The Stroopie Well an t-ainm a bha air. Bha an t-uisge na leigheas airson iomadach rud. Bha clann òg a’ toirt an uisge dhachaigh. Bha a’ chlann a’ faighinn duais – bonnach beag le toll ann. ’S e bonnach fallaid a bha air ann an Gàidhlig. ’S e fallaid a’ mhin-fhlùir agus taois nach robh air an cleachdadh. Ann an dualchainnt nan iasgairean Crombach, ’s e bonnach faaly a bha iad a’ gabhail air a’ bhonnach sin. Bha na daoine a’ creidsinn gun robh am bonnach fallaid a’ toirt deagh fhortan don taigh. Bha na Gàidheil a’ creidsinn sin. Bha na h-iasgairean Crombach a’ creidsinn sin. Bha diofar chànanan aca, ach bha mòran anns a’ chumantas eatarra.

The Little Letter 216

A wee book came out recently – The Cromarty Fisherfolk Dialect. It’s about the fisherfolk dialect in Cromarty. That dialect is a dialect of Scots. Only two people speak it fluently today. Some of the words are like words in other dialects of Scots. For example bauchles (old slippers), belligut (a greedy person) and guloot (a simple man – one who is a groat short of the shilling). And they have words which are not in other dialects, such as sallikatazaar which means “a skelp”. But Cromarty was surrounded by Gaels. And there are words in the fisher dialect that came from Gaelic. For example amitan (a fool), boddach (old man), buss (a mouth), callach (old woman) and cootyach (family group, company or clan). You will recognize the words amadan, bodach, bus, cailleach and cuideachd. Here are some others: doorcans (fir cones used to smoke fish), dossan (fringe, forelock), gob (the opening or mouth of a receptacle), laroch (a house site), ropach (untidy), and spatyel (grand or welldressed). You’ll recognize the Gaelic words durcan, dosan, gob, làrach, robach and spaideal. The word they had for themselves was Croompach – that’s somebody from Cromarty. That came from the Gaelic Crombach. And they called people from Dingwall Ballachalls. Baile a’ Chàil (“cabbage town”) was an old Gaelic name for Dingwall. There was an old well in Cromarty. It was called The Stroopie Well. The water was a cure for many things. Young children took [were taking] the water home. The children got a reward – a wee bannock with a hole in it. In Gaelic it was called a bonnach fallaid. Fallaid is the meal and dough which was not used. In the Cromarty fisherfolk dialect they called that bannock the bonnach faaly. The people were believing that the bonnach fallaid brought the house good luck. The Gaels were believing that. The Cromarty fisherfolk were believing that. They spoke different languages, but they had much in common.

All the letters

An Litir Bheag 122

Tha gach Litir Bheag an seo / All the Little Letters are here.

Podcast: An Litir Bheag

Ruairidh

The Little Letter for Gaelic Learners

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