Wednesday 29 Oct 2014
Immigrants, particularly men and youth, have been hit disproportionately by the global economic crisis that began in autumn 2008 and now confront a reality of dwindling budgets for public services and immigrant integration programmes, a new Migration Policy Institute report for BBC World Service reveals.
The report focuses in particular on the impact on immigrants in five countries – Germany, Ireland, Spain, the United Kingdom and United States.
The study published Thursday 7 October 2010 – Migration and Immigrants Two Years after the Financial Collapse: Where Do We Stand?, reports that the unemployment gap between immigrants and the native born has widened in many countries (Germany being a notable exception), with wide variations by country. The gap proved largest in Spain, rising to 12.2 per cent in the second quarter of 2010 compared to 4.4 per cent before the recession's onset.
Released as part of the BBC's Hard Times programming, which looks at austerity measures across the world, this new report is a follow up to last year's Migration Policy Institute study for BBC World Service – Migration and the Global Recession, which examined the impact of the global recession on migration flows, remittances, employment and poverty rates.
The latest report reveals that the toll has been particularly hard for migrant men, who are often concentrated in the sectors that experienced the most serious contractions (notably construction and manufacturing) and immigrant youth (ages 15-24). Unemployment among foreign-born youth has reached 41 per cent in Spain, 37 per cent in Sweden and 20 per cent in Canada. By contrast, immigrant women have fared better than immigrant men in almost all wealthy countries.
The report, also finds that certain immigrant groups and minorities have lost the most ground economically during the recession: Pakistanis and Bangladeshis in the United Kingdom, North African and Andean immigrants in Spain and Hispanics in the United States.
Among the study's other findings:
MPI President, Demetrios Papademetriou, says: "The economic boom of much of the last two decades drove robust growth in many countries' immigrant populations, but the foundations for this growth have now been shaken, with public skepticism about immigration greater and barriers to immigrants' integration higher than before the economic crisis.
"The question is: have advanced nations reached an inflection point with respect to immigration or, as economic growth returns, will the pre-recession migration trends and patterns return?"
If using any of the material from the report, please credit: BBC World Service/Migration Policy Institute – Migration and Immigrants Two Years after the Financial Collapse: Where Do We Stand? report
About: Migration and Immigrants Two Years after the Financial Collapse Report:
The BBC World Service report commissioned from MPI explores how, two years after the onset of the global economic crisis, migrants have fared in select labor markets in Europe and the United States. The report offers a particular focus on five North Atlantic countries – Germany, Ireland, Spain, the United Kingdom and United States – examining immigration policies and program cuts those governments have implemented as well as migration and remittance flow changes. The 126-page report compares migrant and native worker employment, providing data on migrants by age, gender, education and region of origin.
The Migration Policy Institute, based in Washington, DC, is an independent, non-partisan, non-profit think tank dedicated to analysis of the movement of people worldwide. MPI provides analysis, development and evaluation of migration and refugee policies at the local, national and international levels. For more on MPI, visit www.migrationpolicy.org.
World Service Publicity
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