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24 September 2014
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Egypt
Egypt

Big, brave and bold: Autumn 2005 on BBC ONE



Factual


Egypt

 

In a major new landmark series, BBC ONE dramatises the story of the people who first uncovered Ancient Egypt for the modern world.

 

Egypt tells of the intrepid adventurers, archaeologists and explorers who travelled through Egypt in the 19th and 20th centuries, igniting a fascination with Egypt that has been burning ever since.

 

The ancient and modern are woven together in this spectacular series.

 

The first story tells of the adventures of Howard Carter, who was responsible for finding the tomb of Tutankhamun, the boy king who died mysteriously at the age of 18.

 

Another story is about 'The Great Belzoni', a jack-of-all-trades and die-hard adventurer, and Ramesses II, possibly the greatest Pharaoh of them all, who ruled Egypt for over 60 years.

 

And finally, the series uncovers Jean-Francois Champollion's struggle to understand and save a lost civilisation; the young French genius cracked the code of the hieroglyphs and brought back the knowledge of an ancient and mysterious faith that had been lost to the world for 3,000 years.

 

Filmed on location in Egypt, the series also focuses on the story of the Ancient Egyptians, whose secrets and belongings the adventurers were so desperate to uncover.

 

RI/EF

 

Did you know...?

 

Two unborn baby girls were found in Tutankhamun's tomb. They had been mummified and placed in tiny coffins. The hair, eyelashes and eyeballs were still preserved. They are thought to be the offspring of Tutankhamun and his wife, who miscarried at five and seven months.

 

Lord Carnarvon - Howard Carter's sponsor and friend - died from an infected mosquito bite on his cheek. When the gold death mask of Tutankhamun was lifted, he too had a lesion on his cheek.

 

Prudish Victorian Egyptologists deliberately destroyed the rude parts of paintings on temple walls to avoid them corrupting others.

 

Hieroglyphic script remained a mystery for an incredible 1,400 years. Champollion, the Frenchman who eventually cracked hieroglyphs, could speak seven languages at the age of 13; including Latin, Greek and Hebrew!

 

At the precise moment of Lord Carnarvon's death, the lights blacked out across Cairo and his beloved dog howled and dropped down dead. It was thought to be the work of the 'curse' of Tutankhamun.

 

Early Egyptologists camped in empty tombs whilst excavating the Valley of the Kings. Belzoni actually burned old mummy wrappings to keep warm!

 

The Story of One

 

Terry Jones takes viewers on a numerical mystery tour in The Story Of One, as he retraces the rise of the number one and its extended family.

 

Numbers have elevated us to our greatest achievements and, as Terry Jones relishes showing, at times they have inspired our greatest stupidities.

 

From the Greek terror of infinity to the time the Catholic Church tried to ban zero, this programme revels in the exotica of numbers and leaves a Python's-eye view of a profoundly overlooked branch of history.

 

It's a surprising story that starts in a world of cavemen where man first scratched a mark into a baboon's bone 20,000 years ago.

 

Scientists have found that these simple marks were regular and numerically ordered and must have been used for counting.

 

One took on a three-dimensional form when, 6,000 years ago, the people of Sumer in the Middle East represented it as a "token".

 

This transformation went hand in hand with the beginning of arithmetics. The people could now not only add the number one but could also subtract with these tokens.

 

It had a measured existence in Egypt, where they used it to count distance. They took the length of a man's forearm to his fingertips and announced this as one cubit.

 

In Greece, one brought much excitement when they realised that numbers were intrinsic to musical harmony.

 

But in Rome, one's magical existence was reduced to a more orderly and sensible role as it brought structure to the Romans' armies.

 

One has travelled extensively and lived a full life that has seen it crash headlong through the most fabulous civilisations in the ancient world, side-step the Dark Age, stir up the Renaissance, and, finally, explode into the information age.

 

RI

 

Rolf on Art - The Big Events

 

Two of the world's greatest paintings will soon become even bigger, with the help of Rolf Harris and hundreds of artists from across the UK.

 

BBC ONE stages two unique public art events, inviting everyone to get involved.

 

Mona Lisa will bring her enigmatic smile to Edinburgh and Henry VIII will command an imposing view over London's Trafalgar Square when artists of all ages and abilities come together to recreate the masterpieces on a giant scale.

 

Rolf and his team have just one day to finish their versions of Da Vinci's Mona Lisa and Holbein's Henry VIII.

 

Viewers can follow their progress live to see whether Rolf succeeds in his biggest challenge yet.

 

DC

 

The Story of God The Story of God with Robert Winston

The Story of God

 

Professor Robert Winston presents a definitive documentary series on the history of mankind's quest to understand the nature of God.

 

The Story Of God is a marathon journey across continents, cultures and eras exploring religious beliefs from their earliest incarnations, through to the development of today's major world religions and the status of religious faith in a scientific age.

 

As a man of science and of faith, and as a rationalist and believer, Lord Winston leads viewers on a personal journey as he seeks out the story of God.

 

Travelling extensively across the globe from Iran to Rome, Egypt to Jerusalem and from Saudi Arabia to America, he visits some breathtaking places in his bid to uncover the building blocks of faith.

 

CR

 

Did you know...?

 

Seven people in every thousand in England and Wales gave their religion as "Jedi" in the 2001 Census. A campaign on the internet claimed - wrongly - that Jedi, the belief system at the heart of the Star Wars films, would receive official Government recognition as a religion if enough people quoted it on their Census forms.

 

The Census also showed that more than seven out of 10 people said that their religion was Christianity. After Christianity, Islam was the most common faith with nearly three per cent describing their religion as Muslim (1.6 million).

 

Overall, 15 per cent of the British population reported having no religion.

 

In 2000, the BBC commissioned the largest ever survey on beliefs and attitudes for the Soul Of Britain series and found that only 26 per cent of us now believe in a personal God.

 

On the other hand, 69 per cent think we have a soul, and 25% believe in reincarnation.

 

In 2004, another survey for the BBC programme What The World Thinks Of God found that more than a quarter of Britons thought the world would be more peaceful with nobody believing in God, but very few people in other countries agreed.

 

According to a survey conducted by BBC ONE's Heaven And Earth Show in 2001, almost half (46 per cent) of the population believe that the Bible has the most positive influence on people of any publication and three in ten people (29 per cent) think this of the Highway Code.

 

Journey to the Heart of the Tsunami

 

At 12.59am on Boxing Day 2004, a massive deep sea quake struck just off the coast of Indonesia, sparking a tidal wave of monstrous proportions.

 

Within seven hours, the tsunami had battered Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India and the Maldives, before finally working out its momentum in East Africa.

 

More than 220,000 people lost their lives and the world was changed for ever.

 

In an attempt to understand the devastating wave that shocked the world on Boxing Day 2004, Journey To The Heart Of The Tsunami accompanies an expedition of top scientists as they explore the seabed site of the catastrophe.

 

Sending cameras deep into the abyss to witness first hand the collision between the Earth's crustal plates, the film not only provides dramatic footage of the epicentre that triggered the tsunami, but also reports on the scientific research gathered at the site.

 

These findings will be hugely beneficial to the understanding of such phenomena and could even help provide accurate warnings of when and where the next tsunami may hit.

 

KC

 

Seven Hours on Boxing Day

 

Seven Hours on Boxing Day marks the first anniversary of the tsunami and tells the most compelling human stories in the countries worst affected.

 

These inspiring and heartbreaking accounts are combined with footage of the wave itself, a disturbing testimony to the ferocious and awesome power of nature.

 

TV Factual Publicity

 

Life in the Undergrowth

 

Just when you thought there was no more of the natural world left to film, Sir David Attenborough returns to TV screens in a landmark new series revealing that he has yet to film most of the animals in the world.

 

Although they are all around, these creatures' lives often go virtually unnoticed.

 

Now, using the latest technology, BBC ONE takes viewers into their world to discover the amazing stories of the most successful creatures on Earth: the invertebrates.

 

Cameras capture not just bugs, beetles, spiders and scorpions, but also the most amazing butterflies, dragonflies and a host of incredible creatures never before seen on television.

 

The invertebrate world is one of magnificent spectacles. David takes viewers to Taiwan to see swarming purple crow butterflies, to Africa to witness an army of Matabele ants raid a termite colony, and to North America in time for the great emergence of 17 year cicadas.

 

It's a series of incredible colour and beauty, such as iridescent butterflies and rainbow spiderwebs.

 

Just over 400 million years ago, creatures left the seas to move on to what was then a barren and lifeless land. Since that first foothold, the invertebrates have dominated every part of the Earth and the air with their numbers and diversity.

 

For every human, there are 200 million of them. Night vision cameras, thermal cameras and tiny lenses allow Attenborough to investigate behaviour that is normally invisible to the human eye and reveal breathtaking stories, many of which are new to science.

 

Life In The Undergrowth has been a passionate project for Sir David Attenborough and a series that he has wanted to make for a long time: "The tiny creatures of the undergrowth were the first creatures of any kind to colonise the land.

 

"They established the foundations of the land's ecosystems and were able to transcend the limitations of their small size by banding together in huge communities of millions.

 

"If we and the rest of the backboned animals were to disappear overnight, the rest of the world would get on pretty well. But if the invertebrates were to disappear, the land's ecosystems would collapse.

 

"Wherever we go on land, these small creatures are within a few inches of our feet - often disregarded. We would do very well to remember them."

 

Invertebrates have always dominated 'our' world. Now, for the first time, we can enter theirs.

 

DC

 

BBC ONE is crawling with insights into insects this Autumn - here are some big facts about tiny creatures…

 

About 35,000 species of spiders are known and more are being discovered every day.

 

Termites invented air conditioning for their mounds, millions of years ago. Life in the Undergrowth goes inside a mound to see how it works.

 

The smallest flying Insect is the fairy wasp with a length of only 0.2mm. It flies underwater, as the series will show.

 

For every pound of people on Earth, there are 300 pounds of insects.

 

In an old field in South Wales, researchers recently found approximately one million spiders per acre (2.5 million per hectare).

 

The world's largest spider is the Goliath Bird-Eating Spider, with a body length of 3.5 inches, a leg span of 11 inches, fangs measuring one inch long and a total weight of 4.3 oz.

 

The largest beetle is now known to be the Titan Beetle from the Amazon basin. It is up to seven inches (18 cm) long and will appear for the first time on television in this series.

 

Dragonflies are the fastest flying insect in the world, attaining speeds of up to 36mph - no wonder they were so difficult to film!

 

Children in Need

 

Broadcasting live from Television Centre, the BBC Children In Need appeal once again entertains the nation.

 

After a hugely successful 25th birthday in 2004, raising a total, to date, of more than £35m, it's time to look to the future.

 

Some new faces are set to join in the evening when stars of stage and screen gather to perform their most spectacular musical hits, or perhaps reveal their hidden talents.

 

BBC Local Radio and Regional Television also join in the fun on the night with star-studded events in the regions.

 

Every single penny donated to the charity goes directly to an organisation that helps children in the UK - none is ever used for other costs.

 

GM

 

Stepfamilies

 

One in ten families in the UK is a stepfamily and the figure is rising, with more than two million children in stepfamilies.

 

A new BBC series gets to the heart of five stepfamilies to explore the problems and the challenges.

 

Suzie Hayman - a Relate-trained counsellor specialising in stepfamilies - has just six weeks to work with each family to see if she can identify their problems and help them tackle any conflict.

 

Suzi explores issues, which will be familiar to stepfamilies across the country, ranging from coping with exes to merging different family units together.

 

HM

 

The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs

 

They have the scariest reputation of all the creatures that have lived on Earth and now, in a series hosted by Bill Oddie, viewers can finally learn the truth about some of the world's greatest beasts and their awesome physical power.

 

The Truth About Killer Dinosaurs is the ultimate clash of the titans in which the giants of pre-history, recreated and pitched against each other, will engage in mortal combat, using the most accurate and naturalistic CGI 'dinoanimation' ever seen.

 

The series harnesses new research and gives a fresh perspective on how the most ferocious killers in history really lived and died.

 

KC

 

The Last Tommy

 

The Great War of 1914-18 wiped out millions of young men. Many of those who made it home to Blighty never spoke of the horrors of the trenches.

 

Now, of the five and a half million British and Commonwealth servicemen who fought, just a handful remain.

 

The Last Tommy follows the six surviving British veterans, all over 100, and all that's left of the brave band of brothers, as they tell their stories for the last time.

 

Harry Patch had tried to forget the horrors, including the loss of all but two of his entire platoon of 30, in a war in which witnessing terrible and painful death was commonplace.

 

But his move to a nursing home at the age of 100 prompted recollections when the light in the blanket store, flicked on and off by staff during the night, triggered flashbacks of shells exploding in No Man's Land.

 

Arthur Halestrap, now 105, recalls being offered the daughter of a German family for sex in exchange for food, so near starvation were they, while Jim Lovell remembers being lied to by the authorities.

 

Gassed in a German offensive and recovering in a field hospital, he was told he was being taken for a day trip to the seaside - in fact he was being transported back to the Front for a final push.

 

The moving testimonies pay tribute to the extraordinary resilience and valour of those who not only watched their comrades fall, but have witnessed their numbers diminishing year by year - just five were present at the Cenotaph in 2003 - as age slowly claims them, till the last living memory of the First World War passes away.

 

JW

 

Murder Blues

 

Over the last three years, Operation Trident - the Metropolitan Police unit that deals with gun crime within London's black communities - has seized 450 guns, 7,000 rounds of ammunition and 960 kilos of drugs.

 

In April 2005, London had 49 shootings, ranking it the third most dangerous city in the world.

 

Revealing a side of London that is rarely seen and often ignored by the mainstream press, Murder Blues follows Trident's investigations into the criminals who regularly carry guns and use them with casual disregard.

 

Trident's 350 officers have policed black-on-black gun crime in the capital since 2000.

 

Back then, many offenders were Jamaican Yardies involved in drug dealing or contract killings, but the landscape has changed. Now more than 80 per cent of Trident's offenders are British-born black youths.

 

The causes of these shootings are inter-gang rivalries, retaliation, drugs rip-offs, respect issues and petty arguments.

 

For example, one shooting took place following a row over a computer game.

 

The films show the aftermath, the impact and the consequences of these brutal and violent crimes - focussing on the bereaved families and the surviving victims.

 

Cases featured include the murder of a North London gang member, the shooting of an innocent family man and the attempted murder of a man who was involved in a minor traffic accident.

 

KA



BBC ONE AUTUMN 2005:


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